2Objectives Identify Israel on a blank map. Describe the physical geography of Israel.Identify at least two important religious sites in Jerusalem.Tell which religious groups are in conflict in Israel.Discuss the problems surrounding the West Bank.Discuss the problems surrounding the Gaza Strip.
3Terms and PeopleJerusalem is the capital city of Israel and a holy city to Muslims.The West Bank is the eastern part of Israel, where Muslims don’t want Israelis to settle.The Gaza Strip is a small Muslim country to Israel’s west.Dome of the Rock is one of the most sacred Muslim sites.The Wailing Wall is all that’s left of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem.Zionism is the belief that Jewish people ought to have their own country.Palestine is what the Muslims call Israel.
4The Jordan River is not a large river. The Jordan River runs from the hills in the north down to the Dead Sea.The Jordan River forms Israel’s border with its neighbor to the east, a country called Jordan.JordanThe Jordan River is not a large river.
5Dead Sea The Jordan River empties into the Dead Sea. The Dead Sea is so full of salt nothing lives in it.Dead SeaThe salt makes it so dense that people float easily in it.
6Low mountain ranges lie both east and west of the steep Jordan River Valley. The population of Israel lies the lowlands along the Mediterranean Sea and in the north.
8Israel doesn’t fit in with the other countries in the Middle East. Although Israel is a small country in the Middle East, it is very important.Israel doesn’t fit in with the other countries in the Middle East.
91 Most of North Africa and the Arabian Peninsula They don’t speak Arabic in Israel; they speak Hebrew.Most of North Africa and the Arabian Peninsulaare united by a common language - Arabic.
102 They don’t speak Arabic in Israel; they speak Hebrew. Iran LibyaEgyptSaudi ArabiaOmanIsrael is not a Muslim state. It is a Jewish state.Islam is the main religion of this area.People who are members of Islam are called Moslems.
113 They don’t speak Arabic in Israel; they speak Hebrew. Israel is not a Muslim state. It is a Jewish state.Israel has no oil.Oil, or petroleum, is a very important resource in the Middle East.
12Jerusalem is the capital of Israel. It is a city of three faiths. MoslemJewishChristian
13Three thousand years ago, the Jews built a temple in Jerusalem. They built it high on top of an elevated place called “The Temple Mount.”Later, the temple was destroyed, but not the Temple Mount.The Jews had to flee. They were gone for over 1000 years.While they were gone, the Muslims built a mosque on the Temple Mount.
14It is in Jerusalem, the capital city of Israel. This is the Dome of the Rock. It is the second most sacred site for Moslems.It is in Jerusalem, the capital city of Israel.Moslems believe that it marks the spot from which Mohammed went to Heaven.
21The two Muslim areas are the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. The term “West Bank” refers to the west bank of the River Jordan.
22Many Israeli people are now settling in the West Bank. Many Moslems feel that the Jewish Israelis are taking over their land.The nation of Jordan once seized the West Bank, but when Jordan attacked Israel, Jordan lost the war, and Israel took over the West Bank.
23The settlers make up less than 10% of the population there.
24The Gaza Strip lies on the Mediterranean Sea, bordering Egypt. Folks in the Gaza Strip have fired thousands of rockets into Israeli cities.To keep the Israelis from blasting back at them, they have fired these from apartment buildings, schools, and hospitals.
25In response, Israel has built a great wall between their countries. The Gaza Strip is impoverished. Peaceful Palestinians used to work in Israel, but now it’s closed off.Egypt has also built a wall separating themselves from the Palestinians.The Gaza Strip’s government is violent and doesn’t improve the lives of ordinary people much.
26This makes the Palestinians there feel like they are under siege. In addition, Israel has sometimes searches through ships entering Gaza looking for rockets.This makes the Palestinians there feel like they are under siege.
27Rocket Attacks on Israel from the Gaza Strip Population of the Gaza StripRocket Attacks on Israel from the Gaza Strip
32Syria A Gaza D B Israel C Jordan Egypt E Which is the nation of Israel?SyriaWhich is the area known as the West Bank?AGazaDWest BankBWhich is the nation of Jordan?IsraelCJordanEgyptWhich is the nation of Gaza?E
33To which group is the Wailing Wall a sacred place? In what city are both the Dome of the Rock and the Wailing Wall?JewsJerusalemMuslimsChristiansBedouinsTo which group is the Dome of the Rock a sacred place?JewsMuslimsChristiansBedouins
34What river flows down a deep valley in this area? JordanWhat deep and salty body of water is at the end of the Jordan River?The Dead Sea
35Please read “Israel: Economics and Cultures. ” World Studies: Asia Please read “Israel: Economics and Cultures.” World Studies: Asia. Pearson-Prentice-Hall, pgsAnd“Three Religions” and “Diverse Cultures” and “Recent History.” World Studies: Asia. Pearson-Prentice-Hall, pgs