Gerunds Gerunds take the place of a noun. They can be 1. Subjects: e.g. Eating fast food is convenient. 2. Objects after certain verbs: e.g. They recommended reducing fats in food. e.g. She remembered getting some fruit.
Gerunds 3. After prepositions: e.g. We’re tired of reading calorie counts for fast foods. 4. After possessive adjectives: e.g. I dislike John’s eating fast food. They stamp a card that validates their leaving the country.
Gerunds Gerunds as subject Complement: e.g. Number two on the list is socializing Perfect Gerund: e.g. Hours later, after having fallen asleep, they wake up and stumble off to bed. Passive form: Afraid of being stung by a snake, the villager didn’t come near the snakes hole.
Gerund or Infinitive He stopped smoking. He stopped to smoke. He remembered going to the village. He remembered to go to the village.
Compare They forgot answering the letter. They forgot to answer the letter. I like playing tennis. I like to play tennis.
Gerund or Infinitive? Choose the correct alternative. Choose the correct alternative. 1. You can’t stop me…….. What I want. a. doingb. doc. to dod. that I do 2. I must go now. I promised…….. Late. a. not beingb. not to be c. to not be 3. I know I locked the door. I clearly remember ……. It. a. lockingb. lockedc. to have locked 4. She tried to be serious, but she couldn’t help……. a. laughingb. to laughc. laugh a. laughingb. to laughc. laugh
Gerund or Infinitive? 5. I look forward …… you. a. meetb. meetingc. to meeting 6. Paul lives in Berlin now. He likes……. There. a. livingb. to live 7. I had no ……. a place to live. In fact it was surprisingly easy. a. difficulty to findb. difficulty finding 8. He admitted …… the money. a. to stealb. stealing 9. That man has killed two innocent people. He deserves ……....... a. hanging b. to hang
Verbs followed by the Gerund admit keep suggest avoid mind ( object to ) can’t help miss consider escape deny practice delay recall enjoy recommend feel like regret finish resent give up resist