Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Unit 3 Phrases By PresenterMedia.comPresenterMedia.com.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Unit 3 Phrases By PresenterMedia.comPresenterMedia.com."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 3 Phrases By PresenterMedia.comPresenterMedia.com

2 LESSON 18 Prepositional Phrases

3  Review Lesson 10- Preposition: a word that shows the relationship between a noun or a pronoun to some other word in a sentence.  Example: The cat food is inside the cupboard.  We’ll go to the movie after lunch.  Preposition Phrase- begins with a preposition and usually ends with a noun or a pronoun, called the object of the preposition.  The object may be compound or have modifiers.  Example: Our stockpile of snowballs was depleted quickly.  Example: This pudding is made with milk and bread. (compound object)  Example: I brought back film footage of the horrible storm. (object with modifier)

4 Directions: Circle each preposition phrase in the following sentences and draw an arrow to the word or words it modifies. 1. The captain slipped on the wet deck. 2. We went to the movies at the last minute. 3. Which of the barbells is heavier? 4. Melissa earned the money for her new dress. 5. When Jo forgot her key, she knocked on the window. Practice

5 Directions: Circle each preposition phrase in the following sentences and draw an arrow to the word or words it modifies. 1. The captain slipped on the wet deck. 2. We went to the movies at the last minute. 3. Which of the barbells is heavier? 4. Melissa earned the money for her new dress. 5. When Jo forgot her key, she knocked on the window. Practice v

6 LESSON 19 Participles and Participial Phrases

7 Participle- a verb form that acts as an adjective (it modifies a noun or pronoun) Example: The car screeched to the twisting road. (The participle twisting modifies the noun road.) A participle can be past or present tense. A present participle ends in –ing. A past participle usually ends in –ed. Participial Phrase- a participle with complements and modifiers. Acts as an adjective. It can be in different position in a sentence. If the participial phrase falls at the beginning of a sentence, it is usually followed by a comma. Example: Screeching loudly, the car pulled into the service station.

8 Circle the participial phrase in each sentence and draw an arrow to the noun or pronoun that it modifies. Example: Donato sat at his desk, listening to a classmate’s oral report. 1. Waiting patiently, Donato organized his notes. 2. His oral report, inspired by the World Cup competition, was about a famous soccer player. 3. Reading his first note card, he remembered that soccer is called ‘football” in many countries. 4. This sport, played around the world, is growing in popularity. 5. Keeping that in mind, he though his classmates would enjoy his report. Practice

9 Circle the participial phrase in each sentence and draw an arrow to the noun or pronoun that it modifies. Example: Donato sat at his desk, listening to a classmate’s oral report. 1. Waiting patiently, Donato organized his notes. 2. His oral report, inspired by the World Cup competition, was about a famous soccer player. 3. Reading his first note card, he remembered that soccer is called ‘football” in many countries. 4. This sport, played around the world, is growing in popularity. 5. Keeping that in mind, he though his classmates would enjoy his report. Practice

10 LESSON 20 Gerunds and Gerund Phrases

11 Gerund- is a verb form ending in –ing that is used as a noun. Example: Sewing has never interested me. Gerund Phrase- is a gerund with any complements or modifiers needed to complete it’s meaning. Example: Her enthusiastic cheering drew people from yards away. Example: Moving the chair was not easy.

12 Directions: Circle the gerund or gerund phrase in each sentence. Example: Running for class president requires a lot of work. 1. I like eating healthy foods. 2. Recycling gives our family a sense of accomplishment. 3. Quitting is almost never the best solution. 4. Cheryl’s delicious cooking keeps her restaurant popular. 5. Leafing through photos is a good was to remember old times. Practice

13 Directions: Circle the gerund or gerund phrase in each sentence. Example: Running for class president requires a lot of work. 1. I like eating healthy foods. 2. Recycling gives our family a sense of accomplishment. 3. Quitting is almost never the best solution. 4. Cheryl’s delicious cooking keeps her restaurant popular. 5. Leafing through photos is a good was to remember old times. Practice: Answers

14 LESSON 20 CONTINUED Gerunds and Gerund Phrases: Appositives and Appositive Phrases

15 Appositive- a noun or pronoun placed next to another noun or pronoun to further identify it. Example: My brother David is an engineer. Appositive phrase- contains an appositive and any other words that modify it. Usually not essential to the meaning of a sentence. Appositives are often set off by commas. Example: My brother David, an engineer in Philadelphia, enjoys his job.

16 Directions: Circle the appositive or appositive phrase in each sentence. Example: Dontonio, my science partner, helped me write the alb report. 1. Mariel, a dancer in her own right, watched the ballerinas dance. 2. My Dr., Dr. Enriques, recently moved to our neighborhood. 3. Nancy’s dog Molly never barks at anyone. 4. Meagan, a hard-working student, will run for class president. 5. The noise, a piercing wail, made us cover our ears. Practice

17 Directions: Circle the appositive or appositive phrase in each sentence. Example: Dontonio, my science partner, helped me write the alb report. 1. Mariel, a dancer in her own right, watched the ballerinas dance. 2. My Dr., Dr. Enriques, recently moved to our neighborhood. 3. Nancy’s dog Molly never barks at anyone. 4. Meagan, a hard-working student, will run for class president. 5. The noise, a piercing wail, made us cover our ears. Practice

18 LESSON 21 Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases

19 Infinitive- is a verb form usually preceded by the word to. In this case, to is not a preposition, but a part of the infinitive verb form. An infinitive can be used as a noun, adjective, or an adverb. Example: I love to gather flowers in the spring. (infinitive as a noun) Example: Our plans to visit the Civil War battlefields changed drastically. (infinitive as an adjective) Example: Your address is difficult to remember. (infinitive as an adverb) Infinitive Phrase- included an infinitive and any complements and modifiers needed to complete its meaning. Example: Many animals can learn to recognize people.

20 Directions: Circle each infinitive, write n if it is used as a noun, adj if it is used as an adjective, and adv if it Is used as an adverb. Example: As the center of the government, London is the place to witness politics in action. 1. Choosing a setting for a novel is not a decision to make hastily. 2. An author must choose the right setting to make a novel memorable. 3. For some writers, it was easy to find the best setting. 4. To live in London is to have the perfect setting. 5. A novelist can find it interesting to create plots based on the city’s rich history. Practice ADJ

21 Directions: Circle each infinitive, write n if it is used as a noun, adj if it is used as an adjective, and adv if it Is used as an adverb. Example: As the center of the government, London is the place to witness politics in action. 1. Choosing a setting for a novel is not a decision to make hastily. 2. An author must choose the right setting to make a novel memorable. 3. For some writers, it was easy to find the best setting. 4. To live in London is to have the perfect setting. 5. A novelist can find it interesting to create plots based on the city’s rich history. Practice ADJ ADV N N

22 LESSON 22 Distinguishing Participial, Gerund, and Infinitive Phrases

23 There are three types of verbal phrases, participial, gerund, and infinitive. They are all closely related to verbs; however, they do not function as verbs, but as nouns, adjective, and adverbs. The easiest way to distinguish the phrase is by the way the function in a sentence and by their forms. Infinitive phrases- can function as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Infinitives are usually preceded by the word to. Participial phrases- function as adjectives. Present participles end in –ing. Most past tense participles end in –ed. Gerund phrases-function as nouns. Gerunds end in –ing.

24 Directions: Identify the phrase in italics as infinitive, gerund, or participial. Example: __Gerund__ Harold will never forget fumbling in the big game. 1. __________ She collects figurines made in the thirties. 2. __________ Buying fire extinguishers is a good way to save livers. 3. __________ Practicing constantly, Mike improved his tennis game. 4. __________ Dan has never been one to complain about his problems. 5. __________ Jim’s goal, getting elected, was achieved through hard work. Practice

25 Directions: Identify the phrase in italics as infinitive, gerund, or participial. Example: __Gerund__ Harold will never forget fumbling in the big game. 1. _Participial_ She collects figurines made in the thirties. 2. _Gerund___ Buying fire extinguishers is a good way to save livers. 3. _Participial_ Practicing constantly, Mike improved his tennis game. 4. _Infinitive_ Dan has never been one to complain about his problems. 5. _Gerund___ Jim’s goal, getting elected, was achieved through hard work. Practice


Download ppt "Unit 3 Phrases By PresenterMedia.comPresenterMedia.com."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google