2 definition VERBAL IS A VERB FORM USED AS ANOTHER PART OF SPEECH TYPES OF VERBALS1. GERUNDS2 INFINITIVES3. PARTICIPLES
3 GERUNDS A VERB FORM END IN ING AND IS USED AS A NOUN USE OF GERUNDS 1. SUBJECT OF THE SENTENCE2. DIRECT OBJECT-RECEIVES THE ACTION OF THE VERB3. OBJECT OF A PREPOSITION
4 EXAMPLES 1. Blocking requires strength. 2. The athletes enjoy exercising.3. They maintain endurance by running.
5 GERUNDS(cont.)GERUND PHRASE- A GROUP OF WORDS THAT INCLUDES A GERUND AND OTHER WORDS TO COMPLETE ITS MEANING.PHRASE WILL BEGIN WITH GERUND AND END IN A NOUN OR PRONOUN. INCLUDE ALL PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES WITH THE GERUND PHRASE.EXAMPLE: Celebrating the victory at Harrison’s is a tradition.
6 EXAMPLES 1. Kicking the ball takes skill. 2. A team tries scoring a touchdown.3. A touchdown results from moving the ball across the goal line.
7 Practice, Practice, Practice GET WRITER’S CHOICE BOOK FROM CABINETTURN TO PG. 530COMPLETE EX. 4 #’S 1-10WRITE GERUND OR GERUND PHRASELABEL IF IT IS A SUBJECT (S), DIRECT OBJECT (D.O.), OR OBJECT OF A PREPOSTION (O.O.P.)
8 iNFINITIVESAn infinitive is formed from the word “to” together with the base form of a verb. It is often used as a noun.USES OF INFINITIVES1. SUBJECT2. DIRECT OBJECTDO NOT CONFUSE THE INFINITIVE WITH A PREPOSITIONExample: I want my daughter to eat all her food.I went to the grocery store over the weekend.
9 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 1. Those young players want to win. 2. To referee demands patience.3. The coach is pointing to the pitcher.
10 INFINITIVES(CONT. )AN INFINITIVE PHRASE IS A GROUP OF WORDS THAT INCLUDES AN INFINITIVE AND OTHER WORDS TO COMPLETE ITS MEANING.INCLUDE PREP. PHRASES WITH INF. PHRASES.EXAMPLES1. A player may try to influence the call.2. To go to every game of the season is my dream.
11 Practice Makes perfect GRAB A WRITER’S CHOICE BOOK FROM THE CABINETTURN TO PG. 532COMPLETE EX. 6 #’S 1-10WRITE EACH INFINITIVE OR INFINITIVE PHRASE AND LABEL IT SUBJECT (S) OR DIRECT OBJECT (D. O.)
12 PARTICIPLES PRESENT PARTICIPLE IS FORMED BY ADDING ING TO THE VERB. PAST PARTICIPLE IS USUALLY FORMED BY ADDING ED TO THE VERB. FOR IRREGULAR VERBS, ENDING CHANGE: T, N, EN, D
13 PARTICIPLE cONTINUEDPARTICIPLE CAN ACT AS THE MAIN VERB IN A VERB PHRASE OR AS AN ADJECTIVE TO DESCRIBE NOUNS.EXAMPLES1. The player has kicked the ball. (VERB PHRASE)2. The kicked ball soared. (ADJECTIVE)
14 PARTICIPLES (CONT)A PARTICIPLE THAT IS USED AS AND ADJECTIVE IS PART OF A PHRASE. IT IS CALLED A PARTICIPIAL PHRASE.PARTICIPAL PHRASES BEGIN WITH A PARTICIPLE AND END WITH A NOUN OR PRONOUN.INCLUDE PREP. PHRASES WITH PART. PHRASES.
15 Part. phrasesA participial phrase is set off with commas when it: a) comes at the beginning of a sentence, b) interrupts a sentence as a nonessential element, or c) comes at the end of a sentence and is separated from the word it modifies.
16 EXAMPLES 1. Cheering for the home team, the fans were on their feet. 2. The ball kicked by Donnell soared into the goal.3. Running for the ball, a player slipped in the mud.
17 LET’S DO SOME PRACTICE GRAB WRITER’S CHOICE BOOK TURN TO PG. 528 COMPLETE EX. 2 #’S 1-14.WRITE DOWN PARTICIPIAL PHRASE AND IDENTIFY THE WORD THE PHRASE IS DESCRIBING.