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By: Rachel Paxton And Betty Chou.   Best energy source for the body  When eaten, broken down into sugar  Two types Simple (AKA simple sugars  provides.

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Presentation on theme: "By: Rachel Paxton And Betty Chou.   Best energy source for the body  When eaten, broken down into sugar  Two types Simple (AKA simple sugars  provides."— Presentation transcript:

1 By: Rachel Paxton And Betty Chou

2   Best energy source for the body  When eaten, broken down into sugar  Two types Simple (AKA simple sugars  provides vitamins/minerals Complex (AKA starches  helps growth/health  Sugar/Refined foods are “Bad Carbs” because: Taste Good Has excess calories Easy to get your hands on Aren’t too filling Come in large portions Carbohydrates

3   Contains co2, oxygen and hydrogen  Other nutrients effect carbs entering your body  Carbs are absorbed into your bloodstream  Sources: Grains, fruits, vegetables, candy, etc… Carbohydrates

4   An important part of a healthy diet  Two types: Unsaturated (healthy)(plant foods, fish etc…)  provides energy for the body Saturated (unhealthy) (cheese, meat etc…)  raises cholesterol/risk of heart disease  Healthy fats supply nutrients for growth/energy Absorption and metabolism of some nutrients Used for building membranes around every cell  Unhealthy fats should be limited however essential Fats

5   Back up energy source  Fuels the body and helps absorb vitamins vitamins A, D, E, K  “Building Blocks’ of hormones  Develops brain/nervous system  insulates nervous system tissue  Sources: Meat and alternatives, oils, candy, dairy, fruit/vegetables Fats

6   Builds/maintains/replaces tissue in your body  Used for specialized protein molecules  Two types: Plant (incomplete)  missing one or more essential amino acid Animal (complete)  provides all essential amino acids Protein

7   Builds muscles, skin and bones  In every cell/tissue/organ in our bodies  Digestive juices break protein down into amino acids  Blood carries the amino acids to your cells  Sources: Meats, dairy, vegetables Protein

8   Helps your body move things along  Keeps digestive system healthy and functioning properly  Important component of a balanced diet  Two types: Insoluble  (rice, cereal…) helps prevent constipation  Insoluble fibre does not dissolve in water Soluble  (apples, strawberries…) lowers cholesterol and controls blood sugar  Soluble fibre partially dissolves in water Fibre

9   Lowers cholesterol, prevents diabetes/heart disease  Makes you feel full  Fibre refers to carbohydrates unable to be digested  Sources: From plant-based foods Grain, fruits, vegetables, nuts Fibre

10   Found in foods we eat  Helps you grow and develop properly  2 types  Fat soluble  Vitamin A, D, E, K  Water Soluble  Vitamin C, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6 B7, B8, B9 and B-12  Fat-soluble vitamins  stored in fat tissues in body and live r  Water-soluble vitamins  travel through your bloodstream  D and K are produced by your body Vitamins

11   Vitamin A  Helps you see at night  Citrus, vegetables, dark green leafy vegetables  Vitamin D  For strong bones, forming strong teeth, absorb amount of calcium needed  milk fortified with vitamin D, fish, egg yolks, liver, fortified cereal  Vitamin E  Protects cells and tissues from damage  whole grains, wheat germ, leafy green vegetables, vegetable oils, egg yolks, nuts and seeds  Vitamin K  Clots blood  leafy green vegetables, dairy products, broccoli, soybean oil Fat Soluble Vitamins

12   Vitamin C  keeping body tissues, such as gums and muscles in good shape, helps body heal if you get a cut, helps body resist infection  citrus fruits, cantaloupe, strawberries, tomatoes, broccoli, cabbage, kiwi fruit, sweet red peppers  B Vitamins  Important in metabolic activity, help make energy and set it free when body needs it, making red blood cells, makes protein  whole grains, fish and seafood, poultry and meats, eggs, dairy products, leafy green vegetables, beans and peas Water Soluble Vitamins

13   Helps your body grow and develop  Helps you stay healthy  2 Types  Macrominerals  calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, chloride, and sulfur  Trace minerals  iron, manganese, copper, iodine, zinc, cobalt, fluoride, and selenium  Body needs larger amounts of macrominerals than trace minerals Minerals

14   Calcium  helps build strong bones  dairy products, canned salmon and sardines with bones, leafy green vegetables,, calcium-fortified foods — orange juice to cereals and crackers  Potassium  keeps muscles, nervous system working properly, make sure amount of water is just right  bananas, broccoli, tomatoes, potatoes with skins, leafy green vegetables, citrus fruits, dried fruits, legumes and peanuts Macromineral

15   Iron  transport oxygen from lungs to rest of body  meat, tuna and salmon, eggs, beans, baked potato with skins, dried fruits, leafy green vegetables, whole and enriched grains  Zinc  helps immune system, helps with cell growth and helps heal wounds  beef, pork, lamb, legumes and peanuts Trace Minerals

16   Your body is 65% water  Can't survive for more than a few days without it  Help digest your food and get rid of waste  needed for digestive juices, urine (pee), and poop  Not having enough water is called dehydration  keeps you from being as fast and as sharp as you'd like to be  Water and milk are the best choices for fluids  Fruit and vegetables include water Water

17           &id=1431#4 &id=1431#4      Bibliography

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