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Basic Elements of Music. Elements of Music Dynamics Instrumentation Meter Tempo Texture Timbre Is the music soft or loud? What instruments/voices are.

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Presentation on theme: "Basic Elements of Music. Elements of Music Dynamics Instrumentation Meter Tempo Texture Timbre Is the music soft or loud? What instruments/voices are."— Presentation transcript:

1 Basic Elements of Music

2 Elements of Music Dynamics Instrumentation Meter Tempo Texture Timbre Is the music soft or loud? What instruments/voices are used? Are groups of 3 or 4 used? Is the music fast or slow? Is there harmony? How is it organized? Is the music dark or brilliant; rich or mellow?

3 Dynamic Markings PianissimoVery Soft PianoSoft Mezzo PianoModerately Soft Mezzo ForteModerately Loud ForteLoud FortissimoVery Loud DecrescendoGradually Softer CrescendoGradually Louder

4 Instrument Families WoodwindBrassStringPercussion FluteTrumpetViolin/FiddleDrum ClarinetTromboneDouble Bass Piano SaxophoneFrench HornGuitarMarimba/ Xylophone OboeTubaBanjoBells BassoonEuphoniumDulcimerTriangle

5 Meter Basic Time Signatures 4/41 & 2 & 3 & 4 & 3/41 & 2 & 3 & 6/ or 1 &a 2 &a

6 Tempo Prestovery fast (168–200 bpm) Allegrofast and bright (120–168 bpm) Allegrettomoderately fast Moderatomoderately (108–120 bpm) Andanteat a walking pace (76–108 bpm) Adagioslow and stately (66–76 bpm) Graveslow and solemn Lentovery slow (40–60 bpm)

7 Texture SimpleSame rhythm played by all musicians ComplexDifferent rhythm played by each musician MonophonicOne melodic line without harmonic accompaniment PolyphonicMultiple melodic voices which are independent from one another Homophonicmultiple voices in which the melody and other voices form a background of harmonic accompaniment. All parts have very similar rhythm. Heterophonictwo or more voices simultaneously performing variations of the same melody

8 Tempo Prestovery fast (168–200 bpm) Allegrofast and bright (120–168 bpm) Allegrettomoderately fast Moderatomoderately (108–120 bpm) Andanteat a walking pace (76–108 bpm) Adagioslow and stately (66–76 bpm) Graveslow and solemn Lentovery slow (40–60 bpm)

9 Timbre (tone color) dark – brilliant opaque - transparent rich - mellow fuzzy - clear dull - sharp complex - simple


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