2RhythmMusic cannot happen without rhythm or the movement of musical sounds through time.The placement of sound in time is the rhythm of a piece of music.Can also be called “beat” or “pulse”
3Rhythm Cont. Rhythm can be… a single pattern or beat several complicated beats put togetherbasicrepetitive“Feel the rhythm”
4Rhythm Cont. The meter of a piece of music is its basic rhythm. It is the pattern of rhythms in a repeated manner of strong and weak beats.
5Rhythm Cont. Time Signatures Duple = multiples of 2 Triple = multiples of 3
6Rhythm Cont. Syncopation any rhythm that puts an emphasis on a beat or a part of the beat that is not usually emphasized“off the beat” or “off-beat”
7Tempo The speed of music Metronome markings Verbal Descriptions Beats per minuteVerbal DescriptionsCan be relative and subjective
8Tempo Cont. May Vary within a piece of music Accelerando Ritardando To gradually speed upRitardandoTo gradually slow down
9Tempo Cont. Largo – slow & broad Adagio – slow Andante – literally “walking” (medium slow)Moderato – moderate or mediumAllegro – fastVivo/Vivace – lively & briskPresto – very fastPrestissimo – very, very fast
10Melody One of the most basic elements of music. Melody is made up of individual notes that are usually placed in an orderly mannerThese notes have a particularPitchDuration (length)Placing a series of notes together in some kind of order, one after the other, creates melody.
11HarmonyWhen there is more than one tone or pitch sounding at the same time in music, the result is harmony.
12Form The overall plan or structure of the music The “big picture” Verse-and-chorus
13Timbre The “color” of the music. Includes all the elements of a sound that have nothing to do with how high or low the pitch or tone is, how loud or soft it is, or how long or short the notes are.Dark, bright, thin, full, rich, hollow, nasal, etc.
14Dynamics How loud or soft the music is Forte – Loud Piano – Soft Mezzo – mediumpp p mp mf f ff
15Dynamics Cont. Crescendo < - to get gradually louder Decrescendo > - to get gradually softer
16Instrumentation What instruments can you hear in the music? Piano: Keyboard, OrganPercussion: Drums, clapping, beat boxingStrings: Guitar, Bass, Violins, harpWoodwinds: Clarinet, flute, piccoloBrass: trumpet, saxaphone, tubaElectronic: Autotune…
17Voicing What type of voicing do you hear? Solo (male or female/adult or child)Duet (2 voices)Trio ( 3 voices)Quartet (4 voices)Quintet (5 voices)Choir (more than 6 voices)Back Ground Singers (1-6 voices)
18Mood What is the overall mood of the music? Happy Sad Angry Remorseful ExcitedHopefulDepressingUplifting
19Message/ Theme What is the overall message or theme of the song? HeartbreakParty/club songEncouragementRevenge/VentingSwagReligiousInformative +
20Listening to Music Outline Title of Song:Artist/Group:Rhythm: can you tap your foot to a steady beat?Tempo: how fast or slow? (use terms)Melody/Harmony: more melodic or harmonic?Form: is this song the typical verse & chorus form?Timbre: What is the overall color?Dynamics: What is the overall dynamic?Instrumentation: What instrumentation is use?Voicing: What voices do you hear? (not in your head)Mood: What is the overall mood?Message/Theme: Is there are message or theme?
21Listening to Music Title of Song: Apparition Artist/Group: Crumb Rhythm:Tempo:Melody/Harmony:Form:Timbre:Dynamics:Instrumentation:Voicing:Mood:Message/Theme:
22Listening to Music Title of Song: Wild Wild West Artist/Group: Will SmithRhythm:Tempo:Melody/Harmony:Form:Timbre:Dynamics:Instrumentation:Voicing:Mood:Message/Theme:
23Listening to Music Title of Song: Jailhouse Rock Artist/Group: Elvis Rhythm:Tempo:Melody/Harmony:Form:Timbre:Dynamics:Instrumentation:Voicing:Mood:Message/Theme:
24Listening to Music Title of Song: radioactive Artist/Group: Lindsey Stirling & PentatonixRhythm:Tempo:Melody/Harmony:Form:Timbre:Dynamics:Instrumentation:Voicing:Mood:Message/Theme:
25Listening to Music Title of Song: Don’t Stop Believin Artist/Group: JourneyRhythm:Tempo:Melody/Harmony:Form:Timbre:Dynamics:Instrumentation:Voicing:Mood:Message/Theme: