Beat -- the regular, repeated pulsation in music Tempo -- the speed or pace of the music
Pitch describes the highness or lowness of sounds. Different instruments or voice have different pitched. San Francisco Symphony Site (link) San Francisco Symphony Site
A melody is a combination of pitches and durations that make a musical sentence. Melodies may consist of one or more smaller sections (phrases) similar to phrases in a sentence.
The term "dynamics" describes loudness or softness of sounds. Relates to what effect or mood is being communicated. Free Play Music
Timbre describes the quality or "colour" of sound. Timbre is determined by those characteristics of sound that help us distinguish one sound from another. Dark, light, airy, mystical, rich, full, dancing, excited.
Texture is layering of different sounds in music. Texture is also how the sounds are combined (harmonizing). Composers create various textures by combining sounds, instruments or voices to achieve expressive effects. The texture may be blaring, rough, smooth, choppy, disjointed, tight, rich.
This is used to create interest and can be done in many different ways using the elements: Loud to soft dynamics Fast to slow Thick and thin
Organization of the music where a particular melody is repeated. Sometimes used to emphasize the theme: E.g. chorus, or certain notes/phrases
Balance in music traditionally has referred to the relative volume of various sounds. For instance, a musician can try to balance timbres through instrument selection in order to maintain a desired sound or effect.
Acoustics pertain to how sound waves travel differently in different places (e.g. meeting halls, classrooms or an outdoor field). Different locations absorb and reflect sound in different ways. Acoustics can be changed. For example, you could play a drum in an empty closet and then again when the closet is full of clothing.
Tension is related to the story of the music. Tension builds throughout a song. Tension can be through the use of many different elements. E.g. a building of dynamics, a rising of a melodic line or the use of more dissonant harmony could all lead to an increase in tension. Resolution is a common occurrence after the building of tension. This involves changing the elements to create a sense of relaxation.
Transition in music typically involves the connection of ideas or "bridging" of one part of the music to another. E.g. chorus, instrumental break is a “bridge”
Town in Saskatchewan Unity is the principle of composition in which all the separate parts work together to make the song complete.