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People of the Enlightenment -1600s & 1700s Locke Hobbes Montesquieu Rousseau Voltaire Name From Wrote Main Ideas CSS 10.2.1.

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Presentation on theme: "People of the Enlightenment -1600s & 1700s Locke Hobbes Montesquieu Rousseau Voltaire Name From Wrote Main Ideas CSS 10.2.1."— Presentation transcript:

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2 People of the Enlightenment -1600s & 1700s Locke Hobbes Montesquieu Rousseau Voltaire Name From Wrote Main Ideas CSS

3 Locke -Observation: govt. exists to “preserve life, liberty, & property” -Hypothesis: people should be sovereign (rule) -Hypothesis: monarchs not chosen by God People of the Enlightenment -1600s & 1700s From: England Wrote: Two Treatises on Government CSS

4 Hobbes -Observation: Life without govt. is “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, & short.” -Hypothesis: Absolute govt. needed to control evil behavior (but not divine right) People of the Enlightenment -1600s & 1700s From: England Wrote: Leviathan CSS

5 Montesquieu -Observation: “When the legislature & executive are united in the same person, there is no liberty (freedom)” -Hypothesis: Govt. must have “Separation of Powers” -- 3 branches People of the Enlightenment -1600s & 1700s From: France Wrote: The Spirit of Laws CSS

6 Rousseau -Observation: “man is born free, but everywhere he is in chains.” -Hypothesis: Govt. is contract between people & rulers. People can break it (rebel) People of the Enlightenment -1600s & 1700s From: France Wrote: The Social Contract CSS

7 Voltaire -Observation: Life is better with liberty -Hypothesis: Freedom of speech & religion, separation of church & state -“I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it. “ People of the Enlightenment -1600s & 1700s From: France CSS

8 Reflection: On Back 1. All of these people… 2. To come up with their ideas, they all used… 3. All of their ideas dealt with... CSS

9 People of the Enlightenment -1600s & 1700s Locke Hobbes Montesquieu Rousseau Voltaire England France -Observation: gov’t exists to “preserve life, liberty, & property” -Hypothesis: people should be sovereign (rule) -Hypothesis: monarchs not chosen by God -Observation: Life without gov’t is “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, & short.” -Hypothesis: Absolute gov’t needed to control evil behavior (not divine right) -Observation: “When the legislature & executive are united in the same person, there is no liberty (freedom)” -Hypothesis: Gov’t must have “Separation of Powers” -- 3 branches -Observation: “man is born free, but everywhere he is in chains.” -Hypothesis: Gov’t is contract between people & rulers. People can break it (rebel) -Observation: Life is better with liberty -Hypothesis: Freedom of speech & religion, separation of church & state -“I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it. “ Name From Wrote Main Ideas Two Treatises on Gov’t Leviathan The Spirit of Laws The Social Contract CSS


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