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People of the Enlightenment 1600s &1700s Adapted by Sharon Wilson For World History Credit 1 Hobbes John Locke Voltaire Montesquieu Rousseau CSS 10.2.1.

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Presentation on theme: "People of the Enlightenment 1600s &1700s Adapted by Sharon Wilson For World History Credit 1 Hobbes John Locke Voltaire Montesquieu Rousseau CSS 10.2.1."— Presentation transcript:

1 People of the Enlightenment 1600s &1700s Adapted by Sharon Wilson For World History Credit 1 Hobbes John Locke Voltaire Montesquieu Rousseau CSS

2 People of the Enlightenment- 1600s &1700s Observation: Government exists to “preserve life, liberty, and property”. Hypothesis: People should be sovereign (rule). Hypothesis: Monarchs are not chosen by God. John Locke From: England Wrote: Two Treatises on Government CSS

3 People of the Enlightenment- 1600s &1700s Observation: Life without government is “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short. Hypothesis: Absolute government needed to control evil behavior (but not divine right) Hobbes From: England Wrote: Leviathan CSS

4 People of the Enlightenment- 1600s &1700s Observation: “When the legislature and executive are united in the same person, there is no liberty (freedom”. Hypothesis: Government must have “Separation of Powers”…Three branches Montesquieu From: France Wrote: The spirit of Laws CSS

5 People of the Enlightenment- 1600s &1700s Observation:”man is born free, but everywhere he is in chains.” Hypothesis: Governments is a contract between people and rulers…People can break it (rebel). Rousseau From: France Wrote: The Social Contract CSS

6 People of the Enlightenment- 1600s &1700s Observation: Life is better with liberty. Hypothesis: Freedom of speech and religion, separation of church and state… “I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.” Voltaire From: France CSS

7 Reflection Include in your Google Drive 1.All of these people… 2.To come up with their ideas, they all used… 3.All of their ideas dealt with… CSS

8 People of the Enlightenment -1600s & 1700s NameFromWroteMain Ideas John LockeEngland“Two Treatises on Government” Preserve Life, Liberty, and property People should rule HobbesEngland“Leviathan”Government should control evil behavior not divine right. MontesquieuFrance“The Spirit of Laws” Separation of Powers…3 branches RousseauFrance“The Social Contract” Government should have a contract between government and rulers VoltaireFranceLife is better with liberty Free Speech CSS


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