The city of Tenochtitlan was the center of this ancient civilization
What was the Aztec Civilization? Greenwich indicates the prime meridian, which is zero degrees longitude
Aztecs built a great civilization in this area of Middle America
What is the Valley of Mexico?
They formed alliances with the Spanish and helped Cortez defeat of the Aztec
Who were Moctezuema’s enemies among the Native American tribes?
In 1325, Aztecs built this capital city upon a marshy lake, now known as Mexico City
What is Tenochtitlan? (teh nawch tee tlahn)
The Aztec Empire fell in 1521 to this Spanish conqueror
Who was Cortez?
Building pyramids, hieroglyphics and using calendars were accomplishment of both the Aztec and another Native American Civilization
What was the Mayan Civilization?
The Incan Civilization was known for Hieroglyphics, pyramids and floating gardens True/False
What is false? Incan civilization was famous for their roads and aqueducts, which allowed them to bring water to villages hundreds of miles away.
The Incan civilization is located on which coast of South America
What is the west coast?
The Inca were not like the Aztec and Maya who had a written language, hieroglyphics. Instead they kept records using a knotted string more commonly known as this
What is a quipu?
Based on the timeline below answer the following: which event occurred first – Pizarro conquers the Inca Empire or Columbus discovering America?
What was Columbus arrives at New World?
The first permanent English settlement is this town in Virginia
What is Jamestown, Virginia?
Unlike the Spanish, French settlers treated Native Americans fairly and were interested in this type of trade in North America
What was fur trade?
There were many reasons that English settlers came to America. For some it was to escape political problems and poverty; for others, religious freedom. In short, this was the reason to leave for America
What was to start a new life – a better life than they had in England?
True/False The French were cruel to the Native Americans as they conquered them and forced them into slavery
What is false? The Spanish were the conquistadors who treated the Natives cruel and inhumane.
Give 2 differences between Spanish and French treatment of Native American
What are: A. The Spanish were cruel and betrayed their trust, conquered and enslaved those not killed. B. The French worked with Natives to improve their fur trade
The arrival of the Spanish improved the quality of life for Native Americans True/False
What is false? Native Americans died from hunger, the hardships of slavery and disease
When Cortes defeated the Aztecs, he did not have as many soldiers as the Aztecs had, but he did have other factors on his side
What were diseases, horses, superior weapons and other Native American tribes?
Of Aztec, Mayan and Incan, which civilization was not defeated by the Spanish
What was the Mayan Civilization? Their civilization had disbanded nearly 500 years before the Spanish arrived in the New World
Give 2 similarities between Spanish and French treatment of Native American
What are: A. They both needed Native Americans to survive. B. They both came to get land and resources (timber, furs gold and other minerals). C. They both came to convert natives to Christianity.
The Western Hemisphere sent chocolate, potatoes and maize to Europe. In return, the Spanish brought this animal to the Western Hemisphere
What are horses? Along with other livestock like cattle, sheep and pigs.
A. Harrisburg is located between these two lines of longitude Double it by doing the same for its lines of latitude. B. Double it by doing the same for its lines of latitude.
What are 76 and 77 degrees west?
Some scientists think that Native Americans migrated from this continent
What is Asia? North America Asia
Based on the timeline below determine the following: number of years after Columbus’s arrival in the New World was the first successful English settlement.
What are 115 years?
Which two lines of latitude is Easton located in between
What are 40 and 41 degrees north?
Reason Native Americans were able to migrate from Asia to the Americas
What was they migrated across a land bridge during the last great Ice Age, about 15,000 years ago?