In 1325, Aztecs built their capitol city, Tenochtitlan, on a floating island, because of this advice given to their leader
What is being told by their god to build their city on lake where they find an eagle perched on a cactus eating a snake?
The Aztec people lived in Mexico, but hundreds of years earlier another empire lived in Mexico
What was the Mayan Empire? The Mayan Empire was first and lasted the longest when compared to both the Aztec and Incan Empires.
A similarity shared by the Aztec and Incan people
What is being conquered by the Spanish?
Vocabulary Review Cortez the conquistador made deals to support and be friends with the Aztec Empire’s neighboring tribes. The Spanish and Native Americans agreed to work together for a common goal.
What is an alliance? In this case the Spanish and Native Americans were allies.
The Aztec people were not ready for the Spanish, who had guns, cannons, horses and armor. There were two other reasons. One had to do with illness and the other had to do with their treatment of neighboring tribes. Reasons the Aztec nation fell
A. What was not being peaceful with neighboring tribes? The Aztec are remembered for being fierce and war like with their neighboring tribes. Often taking the enemy as slaves or for use in human sacrifice. B. What was not having immunity against diseases brought over by the Spanish, especially smallpox.
True/False: The Mayan civilization followed the Aztec’s and did not last as long
What is false? The Mayan civilization came first and lasted much, much longer.
Of the 3 listed, which was not an achievement of the Mayan people: A.Building Pyramids B.Inventing the wheel C.Developing an accurate calendar
What is inventing the wheel?
The reason that the end of the Aztec and Incan Empires is different than the end of the Mayan Civilization
What is the Aztec and Incan were conquered by the Spanish conquistadors?
Of the 3 listed, which was not an achievement of the Mayan people: A.Developing an accurate calendar B.Building Pyramids C.Defeating the Spanish
What is defeating the Spanish?
One main reason for the end of the Mayan Civilization
What is trusting and believing too heavily in their king?
One of the many great accomplishments of the Incas, was this method of carrying water over hundreds of miles to dry land
What is an aqueduct?
The Incas’ method of keeping count of its population
What is a census?
Two facts about the Incan civilization’s size and location
What is the Incan Empire was the largest of the 3 empires? AND It stretched almost the entire west coast of South America
A knotted string used by the Incas, as a method of keeping records
What is a quipu?
Incan accomplishments include the following: using aqueducts, developing terrace farming along the side of the Andes, assisting the elderly and sick, creating over 14,000 miles of ______ and _____, and building ______________ _________ ________
What were 14,000 miles of roads and bridges and earthquake proof buildings?
The Aztec and Incan are like ancient Greece and Rome, in that they have one ruler or government ruling many groups of people.
What is an empire?
The Aztec and Mayas used this form of signs and symbols as part of their writing system
What is hieroglyphics?
A war fought between two groups within one nation or tribe
What is a Civil War?
Cortez is an example of this type of Spanish soldier who conquered Aztec and Incan Empires
What is a conquistador?
After the Spanish were done with their alliances with the Native Americans, they betrayed or ? their trust by enslaving them
What is exploited?
Reasons why the Mayas could be considered the most impressive of the three empires studied in this unit For this Jeopardy game have at least three of the examples given in the answer which follows. On the test, you will need all of the examples to get full credit, plus any reason the other empires weren’t as impressive.
What was: -Their empire was first and lasted the longest, more than twice as long as the other two empires we studied -They built great cities which were religious, economic and cultural centers of the day -They were great scientists studying the planets and stars, creating two calendars, one was a daily calendar and one for their celebrations/holidays -They were great mathematicians, being one of the first to include the value and having a symbol for zero -They built great pyramids and temples -They had their own written language, hieroglyphics
The importance of the Incans having over 14,000 miles of road in maintaining a successful empire
What are the following? -the roads allowed for quick travel of the Incan army -the roads allowed a series of runners who were messengers to travel 250 miles a day with news of the empire -the roads allowed for safe travel of trade caravans -the roads allowed for taking census and collecting taxes for the government
Reasons why the Aztec could be considered the most impressive of the three empires studied in this unit For this Jeopardy game have at least three of the examples given in the answer which follows. On the test, you will need all of the examples to get full credit, plus any reason the other empires weren’t as impressive.
What is ? -They built a magnificent city on a lake -They were master farmers creating chinampas, floating gardens -They used artificial irrigation for their farming -They used a written language, hieroglyphics -They used a daily calendar based on the Mayan calendar -Their scientists were able to predict eclipses and movement of the planets -Their city of Tenochtitlan was like NYC of today with its culture, zoos, museums, temples, wide streets and busy markets selling food jewelry made of silver and gold -Their fierce army protected merchants as they traveled through the empire creating an economy -Their doctors made over 1,000 medicines from plants and herbs However, they were brutal, often enslaving their enemies or using them for human sacrifice
The theory of the Mayan demise, (ending of their empire), as the Spanish did not defeat them.
What are the following reasons ? -they had a strong belief in their god and its messenger, the king -when crop failure came due to drought and soil erosion, they looked to the king for answers, for help -the king’s response was to increase human sacrifice, give more blood of his people to please the gods -surprisingly, it didn’t work. Unrest occurred within the Mayan empire, resulting in fighting and lack of faith in their leader -as time passed, the people felt it might be easier to live on their own and they moved out to surrounding jungles, where descendants still live today
Reasons why the Incans could be considered the most impressive of the three empires studied in this unit For this Jeopardy game have at least three of the examples given in the answer which follows. On the test, you will need all of the examples to get full credit, plus any reason the other empires weren’t as impressive.
What was? -They had the largest empire along the Andes coast of South America -They built over 14,000 miles of roads and bridges -They built earthquake proof buildings without using metal tools or cement/concrete -They built aqueducts which brought water hundreds of miles to dry land -They kept careful, organized records by taking an annual census and thus taxing appropriately -Their government helped the elderly, sick and poor from the collected taxes. It organized which villagers would work on roads, buildings, and bridges -They used quipus to keep records mathematically -They used runners who kept the empire informed daily running over 250 miles, from town to town However, they did not have a written language or money as we know either.