Presentation on theme: "Civilizations Of The Americas (1400B.C.-A.D.1570)"— Presentation transcript:
1Civilizations Of The Americas (1400B.C.-A.D.1570) Key Facts:Between A.D 300 and A.D. 900, Mayan civilization flourished from southern Mexico through Central America. In the 1400s, the Aztecs conquered most of Mexico and built a highly developed civilization.By the 1500s, the Incas established a centralized government in PeruEight culture groups developed in north America. Their diverse ways of life were strongly influenced by geography.
2First American Civilization The Olmec's were the first American Civilization that began in the tropical forest along the Mexican Gulf coast.They lasted from about 1400 B.C. to 500 B.C.
3Civilizations of Middle America Nomadic hunters who migrated across a land bridge between Siberia and Alaska gradually populated two vast continents.Between 8500 B.C. and 2000 B.C., Neolithic people in Mexico or farther south began to raise crops and learned to tame animals.Mayan city-states of Central America.They cleared the rain forests to produce corn to feed their cities.They were divided into social classesEach city-state had a ruling chiefPriests held great powerPyramid temples and palaces served as alters and burial placesDeveloped a hieroglyphic writing system and accurate calendarMany people, today, speak Mayan languages in Central AmericaThe AztecsLong after the decline of Mayan civilization, Aztecs conquered most of MexicoBy 1500, their empire numbered 30 million people.War and power to the Aztecs brought wealthTribute helped the Aztecs turn their capital into a magnificent city.Complex social structureSingle ruler or emperor at topPriests performed rituals and sacrifices to please the Aztec godsConquered people supplied tribute and human sacrifices for religious rituals
4The World Of The IncasIn the 1400’s the Incas came from the Andes mountains of Peru.Led by Pachacuti, skilled warrior and leaderConquered an empire that stretched 2,500 miles down the Andes and along Pacific CoastBy 1500s, they had established central government in Peru.Ruled by a god-king and a powerful class of PriestsIncan GovernmentEmperor had absolute powerRan an efficient GovernmentChain of command reached to every villageIncan AchievementsWorked to unite conquered peopleHad their own language, Quechua, and their own religionCreated one of the great road systems in historyRoads wound more than 12,000 miles through mountains and deserts
5Peoples Of North America The AnasaziBest-known society of the desert southwestThe people built large villages, called pueblos by the Spanish peopleAt the center was the kivaLate 1100s, they began to build housing complexes in the shadow of canyon wallsLate 1200s, drought forced them to leave the cliff dwellings.Today, their traditions survive among the Hopi and other Pueblo Indians.The Mound BuildersIn the Mississippi and Ohio river valleys, other farming cultures emerged as early as 700 B.C.Hopewell people left giant mounds in different shapesObjects found in Hopewell mounds suggest that trade networks stretched from the Gulf of Mexico to the Great Lakes.By about A.D. 800, this culture was replaced by the Mississippians, who grew corn and other crops.They built large towns and ceremonial centers.
6ReviewWhat was the first civilization in the Americas, it was in the Tropical Forests of Mexico? The OlmecsWhat warrior tribe had conquered the valley of Mexico by the 1500s, and built its capital where Mexico City is located today? The AztecsWhat is a Tribute? Payment from conquered peoples.Nomadic hunters came to North America across what? The Land BridgeWhat civilization grew up in the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico, used flat top pyramids, and had an accurate calendar? Tourists still visit the pyramids built by this civilization. The MayansWhat is the name of the capital city that Mexico City sits on? TenochtitlanWhat Spanish Conquistador killed Montezuma and conquered the above civilization? Hernandez CortezWhat civilization grew up in the Andes Mountains of South America? IncasWhat was the capital city of the above civilization in South America? CuzcoWhat Spanish Conquistador defeated the civilization in South America? Francisco Pizarro