2The Case of Phineas Gage A metal tamping rod impaled Gage through his left cheek and top of his forehead.Minutes later Gage was sitting up and talking.Months later Gage returned to work. Although having lost his frontal lobe, Gage showed no signs of a changed mental condition.However Gage’s previouslyreputable personality traits were no moreGage had become “aggressive,uncontrollable and hard to get alongwith.” Gage had changed.
3The Frontal Lobe Damage to the frontal lobe can cause: Loss of the ability to solve problemsDifficulty with planing and initiating actions, such as crossing the streetDifficulty answering a complex question.Changes in personality and self expressionMood swingsThe Frontal Lobe is responsible for regulating temperament, personality and expressing this personality. Near the back of the Frontal Lobe is a section called the Primary Motor Cortex. This cortex controls voluntary body movements, including actions such as kicking your leg.
4The Occipital LobeReceives and processes visual information like shape, colour and motion perception.The Primary Visual Cortex at the base of the Occipital lobe receives information from the visual sensory neurons on the retina and assists the brain in making an image.When damage occurs to the Occipital lobe, the person may experience:BlindnessDifficulty with articulationRecognition problems
5The Parietal LobeResponsible for Somasensory information such as temperature. Sensors in the skin, lips, arms pick up these feelings. if you have a large amount of cortical space committed to the sensors in the fingers, your fingers will be ultra sensitive when it comes to feeling the texture of something or more easily controlled when playing an instrument.Damage to the Parietal lobe can cause:Loss of feeling in some areas of the body (Without feeling it would be impossible to tell when you have hurt yourself.)
6The Temporal Lobes Damage to the temporal lobes can cause: Mild amnesia.Changes in behaviourInability to concentrateThe loss of equilibrium (balance)Increased initiative and hypotensionDamage to the Wernickes:Inability to understand wordsProblems with comprehensionDifficulty with pronunciationTemporal lobes are involved with hearing, memory and recognition of people’s faces. The Primary Auditory cortex registers different pitches and amplitudes of sounds heard by the ears. Other parts of the Association cortex are involved with storing personal experiences.