Presentation on theme: " Born in 1896, died in 1980. He was an epistemologist who studied children’s intellectual development. Developed a theory of cognitive development."— Presentation transcript:
Born in 1896, died in 1980. He was an epistemologist who studied children’s intellectual development. Developed a theory of cognitive development. “He posited that children progress through 4 stages and that they all do so in the same order” (Learning Theories Knowledgebase, 2010). It consists of four stages of intellectual development: Sensorimotor stage, Preoperational stage, Concrete Operational stage, and the Formal Operational stage.
Schemes: actions or representations that organize knowledge. Assimilation: use of existing schemes to deal with new information. Accommodation: adjustment of schemes to take in new information. Organization: groupings of behaviors and thoughts into a higher-order system. Equilibration: moving from one stage of cognitive development to the next.
Sensorimotor Stage. Object Permanence: Is an object there? Sensory Input: Touching a toy. Motoric Action: protruding the tongue.
Preoperational Stage. Egocentrism: Is that you or me? Intuitive Thought Substage: Let’s play 20 questions. Centration: Piaget’s Conservation Task.
Formal Operational Stage. Abstract Thinking: Thinking about thought itself. Logical Thinking: Does this make sense? Idealistic Thinking: The world is perfect. Hypothetical-deductive reasoning: creating a hypotheis, and deducing implications (testing it).
Postformal thought. Pragmatic thinking: Applying knowledge in their work. Reflective/Relativistic thinking: Being able to view other perspectives and opinions (mutual respect). Creativity: What can I invent?
Fluid Intelligence: Abstract reasoning declines. Crystalized Intelligence: a person’s accumulated information and verbal skills increases.
Sensory/Motor: Declines with age. Speed-of-Processing: Declines due to a decline in brain functioning. Attention: Selected, Divided, or Sustained. Memory: Health, education, and socioeconomic status affect this. Wisdom: Expert knowledge about practical aspects of life.
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