Presentation on theme: "COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN INFANCY AND CHILDHOOD: PIAGET’S COGNITIVE STAGES."— Presentation transcript:
COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN INFANCY AND CHILDHOOD: PIAGET’S COGNITIVE STAGES
Jean Piaget (pee-ah-ZHAY) Introduced a stage theory of cognitive development that lead to a better understanding of children’s thought processes Studied using his daughter
His Conclusions Intelligence develops gradually as the child grows A 4 year old cannot understand what a 7 year old understands Young children think differently than older children or adults They use a different logic Quantitative changes (growth in the amount of info) and qualitative changes (differences in manner of thinking)
Sensorimotor Stage Stage:1 st Ages: From birth to about age two Description: Child gathers information about the world through sensory impressions and motor activities Terms: Child learns object permanence
Object Permanence Awareness that things continue to exist even when you cannot see or hear them “Out of sight, out of mind” Example; toys Signifies a big step in the second year of life
Representational Thought The intellectual ability of a child to picture something in his or her mind Now children can see things in their minds Example: temper trantrum
Preoperational Stage Stage:2 nd Ages: From about age 2 to age 6 or 7 Description: Children learns to use language but cannot yet think logically Develops Egocentrism
Egocentrism In Piaget’s theory, the inability of the preoperational child to take another person’s point of view Hard time with understanding another point of view Includes a child’s inability to understand that symbols can represent other objects
Concrete Operational Stage Stage: 3 rd Ages: From about age 6 to 11 Description: Child gain the mental skills that let them think logically about concrete events Learn conservation
Conservation An understanding that certain properties remain constant despite changes in their form The properties can include mass, volume, and numbers.
Formal Operational Stage Stage: 4 th Age: About age 12 on up Description: Children begin to think logically about abstract concepts and form strategies about things they may not have experienced Can solve hypothetical problems (What if…. problems)
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