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Chapter 3: Infancy and Childhood Mr. McCormick Psychology.

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1 Chapter 3: Infancy and Childhood Mr. McCormick Psychology

2 Do-Now: (Discussion) What are schemas? How do they help us understand the world? What are schemas? How do they help us understand the world? Describe the mental process of assimilation. Provide one example. Describe the mental process of assimilation. Provide one example. Describe the mental process of accommodation. Provide one example. Describe the mental process of accommodation. Provide one example.

3 Cognitive Development Object Permanence: Object Permanence: A child’s realization that an object exists even when he or she cannot see or touch it A child’s realization that an object exists even when he or she cannot see or touch it Representational Thought: Representational Thought: The intellectual ability of a child to picture something in his or her mind The intellectual ability of a child to picture something in his or her mind

4 Cognitive Development Conservation: Conservation: The principle that a given quantity does not change when its appearance is changed (e.g. liquid in a tall narrow glass vs. short wide glass) The principle that a given quantity does not change when its appearance is changed (e.g. liquid in a tall narrow glass vs. short wide glass)

5 Cognitive Development Egocentric: Egocentric: A young child’s inability to understand another person’s perspective A young child’s inability to understand another person’s perspective

6 Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development Sensorimotor: Sensorimotor: Birth-2 years Birth-2 years Simple motor responses Simple motor responses Lacks object permanence Lacks object permanence Preoperational: Preoperational: 2-7 years 2-7 years Object Permanence Object Permanence Representational Thought Representational Thought Egocentrism Egocentrism Lacks conservation Lacks conservation

7 Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development Concrete Operations: Concrete Operations: 7-11 years 7-11 years Understands Conservation Understands Conservation Difficulties with abstract ideas/hypothetical concepts Difficulties with abstract ideas/hypothetical concepts Formal Operations: Formal Operations: 11 years-onward 11 years-onward Understands abstract ideas Understands abstract ideas Logical and Deductive reasoning Logical and Deductive reasoning

8 Review Provide one example of the following: Provide one example of the following: Object Permanence Object Permanence Representational Thought Representational Thought Conservation Conservation Egocentrism Egocentrism What types of changes occur during each of Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development? What types of changes occur during each of Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development? Sensorimotor Sensorimotor Preoperational Preoperational Concrete Operations Concrete Operations Formal Operations Formal Operations

9 Homework Read Chapter 3.2 “Cognitive and Emotional Development” Read Chapter 3.2 “Cognitive and Emotional Development” Pgs Pgs Complete Section 2 Assessment Complete Section 2 Assessment Pg. 77 Pg. 77 #s 1,3 #s 1,3


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