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Day 12 Launching a New Nation Homework 74-79. George Washington First and Only Unanimous President Judiciary Act of 1789- state courts could appeal to.

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Presentation on theme: "Day 12 Launching a New Nation Homework 74-79. George Washington First and Only Unanimous President Judiciary Act of 1789- state courts could appeal to."— Presentation transcript:

1 Day 12 Launching a New Nation Homework 74-79

2 George Washington First and Only Unanimous President Judiciary Act of 1789- state courts could appeal to Federal courts, 3 cabinet positions Secretary of State- Thomas Jefferson Treasury- Alexander Hamilton War- Henry Knox

3 Hamilton vs.Jefferson Central Government vs. State Government Educated Elite vs. People in Mass Commerce and Industry vs. Farms Loose vs. Strict Construction Implied Power vs. Power specifically granted National vs. State Bank 2 Party System (Democratic- Republicans and Federalists)

4 Hamilton’s 5 Objectives Stabilize Economy and establish credit Build and demonstrate Federal Power Tie the interest of wealthy to that of the governments Commercial Expansion overseas Anchor US Foreign policy with a commercial and diplomatic allegiance with Great Britain

5 Challenges Protective Tariffs Whisky Rebellion- Pennsylvania (taxes), army puts down rebellion French Revolution and war – split on party lines. Washington remains neutral Treaty with Spain/ Thomas Pinkney- Gain Florida Territory Native American Resistance in Northwest (John) Jay’s Treaty- land west of Appalachia gained but upset many anti-British due to trade concessions

6 John Adams Washington does not seek 3 rd term Criticizes party system Adams defeats Jefferson by close margin (Pres. And vice pres) Sectionalism XYZ affair- US insulted by bribe demand to see higher official. Adams uses anger to develop Navy

7 Thomas Paine to Washington in final year of 2 nd Term “ As to you sir, treacherous in private friendship…and a hypocrite in public life, the world will be puzzled to decide, whether you are an apostate or an imposter; whether you have abandoned good principles or whether you ever had any?”

8 Apotheosis of Washington

9 Alien and Sedition Many Democratic- Republicans were Foreign Born (largest group Irish and Many French) Federalist pushed Alien Act. Residency Changes from 5-14 years. President could deport or jail any “undesirable” Sedition Act- imprison or fine anyone who tried to hinder the operation of the government

10 Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions Virginia attacked Alien and Sedition acts Kentucky act asserted principle of nullification

11 Summary Notes 1)Which Act of Congress created lower courts, reinforced federal laws supremacy and provided for the number of justices on the supreme court? 2) What were the first three cabinet positions? 3) Between Jefferson and Hamilton- who?: a)Supported federal Banks b)Believed that educated elite and business should run government c)Proposed that the federal government pay the debt of the state governments 4) Who approved the Bank of the United States? 5) Who supported a strong central government the Federalist or the Democratic-Republicans? What did the other support? 6) What was the law allowed the president to jail “undesirables”? 7) What was the event that almost lead to war between France and US? 8) What two State resolution claimed that they could nullify any law that they found to be unconstitutional?


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