Presentation on theme: "1789-1800. Cabinet: key advisors to the President Treasury: Alexander Hamilton State: Thomas Jefferson War: Henry Knox Attorney General: Edmund."— Presentation transcript:
Cabinet: key advisors to the President Treasury: Alexander Hamilton State: Thomas Jefferson War: Henry Knox Attorney General: Edmund Randolph Federal Court System Judiciary Act of 1789- Established Federal Court system including the Supreme Court
Hamilton’s Financial Plan Pay off national debt and assume the state’s debt. ($52 million) Protect infant industries and raise revenue by placing tariffs on imported goods. Create a national bank Opposition mounted, led by Thomas Jefferson and the Anti-Federalists.
Hamilton’s Plan Implemented Debt: Wanted to pay off debt by selling govt. bonds. Tariffs: Passed but lower than Hamilton wanted. Excise or Sin tax passed on whiskey to generate revenue. National Bank: Bank of the United States passed when Washington supports Hamilton, would regulate state banks. First National Bank
Issue in western Pennsylvania where rural farmers made whiskey rather than transporting grain through the mountains. Farmers resisted the whiskey tax by intimidating and attacking tax collectors. With orders from Washington, Hamilton marched with 12,000 militiamen to put down the rebellion. Most rebels ran away Hamilton said it showed the power and need of a strong central government. Jefferson mocked them saying there was no rebellion to put down. Washington watching Army depart for the rebellion
Foreign Affairs The French Revolution The Proclamation of Neutrality (1793) The Jay Treaty (1794) British are to remove English forts U.S. to repay pre-war debts XYZ Affair Domestic Concerns Native Americans Whiskey Rebellion (1794) New States: Vermont (1791), Kentucky (1792), Tennessee (1793)
Federalists Lead by Hamilton & Adams Supported strong central govt. Loose construction of Constitution Pro British Wanted economy based on industry and trade Democratic-Republicans Lead Jefferson & Madison Supported strong state govt. (known as states’ rights) Strict construction of Constitution Pro French Wanted economy based on farming