Presentation on theme: "The Literature Review in 3 Key Steps"— Presentation transcript:
1The Literature Review in 3 Key Steps The “What”, “Why” and “How” of The Academic Literature ReviewAdapted from Boston University Alumni Medical Library
23 Steps to a Literature Review A review and quick summary of how to conduct a literature search for your EA Project
33 Key Steps: 1. Start your engines Think of it like doing a Google search for buying a carWhat do you want to do? Buy a car, find a particular car, find out how to negotiate prices, etc.?Key word searches are trial and error and need to be refined/narrowedGo to your library’s digital search page and choose ACM, IEEE, & ERIC as your search enginesThen start your searchesExpect to get LOTS of results, and then refine and narrow down to get what you really wantUse the “find more articles like this one” feature if available
43 Key Steps: 2. Skim & Select 19 hits from the IEEE search on “interest in computing” + “high school” + “robots”Skim all abstractsSelect articles of interest to your projectRead those articlesTake notes of important stuff: findings, methods, other prominent studies citedDevise a system for note taking and managing your referencesTIP: Take note of studies that keep coming up in introductions- you want to read theseVisit your library’s website for reference management software- freeware exists (Zotero), and many campuses offer licensed software like (Endnote)
53 Key Steps: 3. Sum it up What does it all mean? What categories are there?What is similar to your study?What is different?What is known collectively from this literature?Perhaps: that robotics education is successful, or not, or it depends upon certain factors, or something else?Why is your study relevant?The ‘So What?’ questionPerhaps your study:adds evidence to support robotics education in high schoolshas never been done beforereplicates other studies but with a different populationETC…..
7And now the background……. What is a literature review?
8What is it? A literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources (e.g.dissertations, conference proceedings) relevant to a particularissue, area of research, or theory.provides a short description and critical evaluation of workcritical to the topic.offers an overview of significant literature published on atopic.(Lyons, 2005)
10Why? A literature review can be conducted for a variety of reasons: For a review paperFor the introduction (and discussion) of a research paper,masters thesis or dissertationTo embark on a new area of researchFor a research proposal(Burge, 2005)5. And last, but not least, for contextual information for your EA Project!
11Why? Conducting a literature review will help you: Determine if proposed research is actually needed.Even if similar research published, researchers might suggest a need for similar studies or replication.Narrow down a problem.It can be overwhelming getting into the literature of a field of study. A literature review can help you understand where you need to focus your efforts.Generate hypotheses or questions for further studies.(Mauch & Birch, 2003)
12And for your EA Project: Conducting a literature review will give you:Background knowledge of the field of inquiry:FactsEminent scholarsThe most important ideas, theories, questions and hypothesesKnowledge of field-specific methodologies and their usefulness in particular settings(Mauch & Birch, 2003)
14How? Outline of review process: Formulate a problem – which topic or field is being examined and what are its component issues;Search the literature for materials relevant to the subject being explored. Searching the literature involves reading and refining the problem;Evaluate the data – determine which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the topic;Analyze and interpret – discuss the findings and conclusions of pertinent literatureUse the literature to contextualize the problem/issue under studyFormat and create bibliography(Lyons, 2005)
15How? Formulate a problem/issue: Search the literature: Create an overview of relevant literature regarding Computing Education InterventionsSearch the literature:Use library resources/databases including IEEE, ACM and ERICDon’t restrict your search to peer-reviewed journal articles. Include academic books too.Refine the problem/issue based on your initial reviewNetworked computing to facilitate learning among elementary school students
16How?Evaluate the data. Determine which literature contributes to the understanding of the problem/issue.Analyze and interpret. Read the article, book chapter, etc., and summarize findings and relevanceFocus particularly on problem statement, method, resultsFormat and create bibliographyUse a citation management program such as Endnote to organize and manage citations and create bibliographyOrganize and store referencesMake in-text citations based on required style (e.g., APA)Create a list of references based on required styleMost colleges and universities provide student access/download of citation management programs
17Example Searches IEEE: “interest in computing” Refined by adding “ high school”Declare bingo and begin skimming the articles, or further refine at your discretionConsider using outreach type, e.g. ‘robots,’ ‘gamemaker,’ ‘Alice,’ or ‘CS unplugged’38,000 hits135 hitsTIP: read an article that ‘jumps out’ at you, and use it’s key words to refine furtherTIP: use variations of words: ‘robots,’ ‘robotics,’ etc.
18ReferencesBurge, C., 7.16 Experimental Molecular Biology: Biotechnology II, Spring (Massachusetts Institute of Technology: MIT OpenCouseWare), Retrieved 12/15/2008, from License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SALyons, K. (2005). UCSC library - how to write a literature review. Retrieved 1/22/2009, 2009, from .Mauch, J. E., & Birch, J. W. (1993). Guide to the successful thesis and dissertation : A handbook for students and faculty (3rd , rev. and expand ed.). New York: Marcel Dekker.