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Psychological Therapies

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Presentation on theme: "Psychological Therapies"— Presentation transcript:

1 Psychological Therapies

2 Philippe Pinel French doctor who was the first to take the chains off and declare that these people are sick and “a cure must be found!!!” Dorethea Dix- American reformer!

3 Psychotherapy An interaction between a trained therapist and someone suffering from psychological difficulties.

4 Psychoanalytic Therapy who? Psychoanalysis (childhood experiences…. hypnosis, free association, dream interpretation ). m/watch?v=lig53eW2ptg m/watch?v=lig53eW2ptg Unconscious Transference Catharsis

5 Transference In psychoanalysis, the patient’s transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships. Example:

6 How effect is Psychotherapy? Eysenck’s challenge in 1950’s Meta-analysis’ ( statistically combining the results of many different studies) advent

7 Humanistic Therapy Client-Centered Therapy by Carl Rogers These are non-directive therapies and use active listening. Self-actualization, free- will and unconditional positive regard. Gestalt Therapy by Fritz Perls encourage clients to get in touch with whole self.

8 Client (Person) Centered Therapy Developed by Carl Rogers Most widely used Humanistic technique is : Therapist should use genuineness, acceptance and empathy to show unconditional positive regard towards their clients.

9 Active Listening Central to Roger’s client-centered therapy Empathetic listening where the listener echoes, restates and clarifies.

10 Behavioral Therapies Counterconditioning Classical Conditioning 1.Aversive Conditioning 2.Systematic desensitization 3.Flooding Operant Conditioning Token Economy

11 Behavior Therapies Therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors. The behaviors are the problems- so we must change the behaviors.

12 Classical Conditioning Techniques Counterconditioning: A behavioral therapy that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors. Two Types:

13 Systematic Desensitization example example A type of counterconditioning that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli. How would I use systematic desensitization to reduce my fear of old dentists?


15 Behavior Therapy  Systematic Desensitization

16 Flooding

17 Virtual Technology Exposure Therapy

18 Aversive Conditioning

19 What are some ways you can change the behaviors of your friends with aversive conditioning who bite their fingernails?

20 Aversive Conditioning A type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior. How would putting poop on the fingernails of a nail biter effect their behavior?

21 Operant Conditioning Token Economy: an operant conditioning procedure that rewards a desired behavior. A patient exchanges a token of some sort, earned for exhibiting the desired behavior, for various privileges or treats.

22 Cognitive Therapy Change the way we think(change our schemas) Aaron Beck Albert Ellis and Rational Emotive Therapy

23 Cognitive Therapy

24 Cognitive Therapists try to teach people new, more constructive ways of thinking. Is.300 a good or bad batting average?

25 Cognitive Therapies






31 Aaron Beck and his view of Depression Noticed that depressed people were similar in the way they viewed the world. Used cognitive therapy get people to take off the “dark sunglasses” in which they view their surroundings


33 Cognitive Therapy- Does It Work?

34 Group Therapy

35 Eclectic Approach The most popular form of therapy- it is basically a smorgasbord where the therapist combines techniques from different schools of psychology.

36 Comparison of Psychotherapies

37 Comparison of Psychotherapies





42 Somatic Therapies (psychiatrist or clinical psychologist?) Psychopharmacology Antipsychotics (thorazine, haldol) Anti-anxiety (valium, barbiturates, Xanax) Mood Disorders (serotonin reuptake inhibitors-SRI) Bipolar (lithium)

43 Psychopharmacology The study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior.

44 Antianxiety Drugs Includes drugs like Valium,Xanax Librium. Like alcohol, they depress nervous system activity. Most widely abused drugs. Do they really solve the problem?

45 chemical that provides an effective drug therapy for the mood swings of bipolar (manic-depressive) disorders Lithium

46 Antidepressant Drugs Lift you up out of depression. Most increase the neurotransmitter norepinephrine and serotonin.

47 Prozac, Paxil, Zoloft Work by blocking serotonin reuptake.

48 Somatic Therapy Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)- for depression.http://www.y G9eQsjaZY&feature=rel atedhttp://www.y G9eQsjaZY&feature=rel ated Psychosurgury lobotomy

49 SADD light therapy

50 Drugs and Hospitalization Deinstitutionalization

51 Treatment Effectiveness http://education- effectiveness.htmlhttp://education- effectiveness.html

52 Types of Therapists





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