Presentation on theme: "Who is the little boy & what is above his capacity? What is this artist’s opinion of the little boy? The Little Boy is President Andrew Johnson, the artist."— Presentation transcript:
Who is the little boy & what is above his capacity? What is this artist’s opinion of the little boy? The Little Boy is President Andrew Johnson, the artist believes that the Constitution is beyond his understanding, and that Johnson is not fit to be the President & not knowing the Constitution will harm him.
Johnson’s Political Problems Johnson was a Democrat who broke ranks with his party to run for VP with Republican Abe Lincoln Johnson was the ONLY Southern Senator to remain loyal to the Union when the war broke out As a result of his political history, which groups may have mistrusted Johnson? Republicans mistrusted Johnson because he was a Democrat Democrats mistrusted Johnson because he ran for office with a Republican Southerners mistrusted Johnson because he took the Union’s side in the war Northerners mistrusted Johnson because the feared he would have sympathy for the south
Who are the opposing sides in this SITUATION ? What do you believe they are arguing over? Opposing sides: President Andrew Johnson & Radical Republicans in Congress Issue they disagree over: Terms of Reconstruction
President Johnson & Congress (Radical Republicans): AT ODDS Radical Republicans supported: ––F––Freedmen’s Bureau Offered assistance to freed slaves ––C––Civil Rights Act Granted citizenship and equal protection to African Americans ––R––Reconstruction Act Divided south into five military districts Set up requirements for readmission to the Union President Johnson
President Johnson & Congress (Radical Republicans): AT ODDS Republicans were able to override Johnson’s vetoes Republicans passed the Tenure of Office Act ––I––It stated that the President needed approval from Congress to fire a member of his Cabinet Johnson then fired his Secretary of War, the RR’s than IMPEACHED Johnson Removing Johnson from office failed by 1 vote!
How does this cartoon show reaction to the results of the Johnson impeachment trial? Johnson was happy, glad to keep his job, however many citizens, newspaper writers & editors & politicians wanted Johnson to be removed.
Conclusion What caused Andrew Johnson’s impeachment: Presidential wrong-doing or politics? ––J––Johnson opposed many civil rights actions supported by RR’s He believed that the Federal Government was forcing its will on States ––R––Radical Republicans called for RADICAL change, and passed the Tenure of Office Act, knowing Johnson would violate it Johnson was a victim of politics because he broke an unjust law