John Wilkes Booth (1838-1865) Lincoln Assassination Website
Lincoln Assassination Conspirators These four were hanged July 7, 1865; they included Mary Surrat (the first woman to be hanged by the US Government)
Three Important Individuals Following Lincoln’s Death Thaddeus Stevens Charles Sumner Andrew Johnson Radical Republicans
Radical Republicans 1.Members of the Republican Party who wanted to: a)Punish the South for causing the Civil War b)Protect the rights of former slaves
One Radical Republican Thaddeus Stevens Member of House of Representatives Goal: Economic opportunity for former slaves
Another Radical Republican Charles Sumner Member of US Senate Goal: Citizenship/political rights for former slaves
Mr. President (He assumed the Presidency after Lincoln’s death) Andrew Johnson Senator from Tennessee & Lincoln’s VP He was a Democrat & his Reconstruction plan was similar to Lincoln’s Issued 13,000 pardons Unconcerned with rights of former slaves
Southern Resistance To Reconstruction Black Codes emerged (Johnson did nothing): Laws establishing conditions very similar to slavery for black Americans
Mr. President (He assumed the Presidency after Lincoln’s death) Senator from Tennessee & Lincoln’s VP He was a Democrat & his Reconstruction plan was similar to Lincoln’s Issued 13,000 pardons Unconcerned with rights of former slaves Impeached in 1868 Andrew Johnson
Impeachment & Removal Of President (Two Step Process) 1.Impeachment: To bring official charges against the President (majority vote in House of Representatives) 2.Trial/Removal: The President stands trial (Senate acts as jury; 2/3 majority vote is needed for removal) Johnson was impeached, but not removed from office; he was ineffective following impeachment Cartoon: King Andrew I
Radical/Congressional Reconstruction (1868-77) Following Johnson’s impeachment, Congress controlled Reconstruction and… Former Confederate States were militarily occupied by US troops until they ratified the 14 th Amendment
14th Amendment (1868) 1.All persons born in the United States are citizens of the United States. 2.All citizens are guaranteed equal treatment under the law.
15th Amendment (1870) Guaranteed the right of all black men to vote. “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.” His First Vote, by Thomas Waterman Wood, 1865
1876 Election Samuel Tilden (D) Rutherford B. Hayes (R ) The winner is…?
1.Hayes became President. 2.Military Occupation of the South & Reconstruction ended. a)The rights of former slaves were not protected. A Commission was established to determine the winner: Compromise of 1877
Evaluating Reconstruction Was Reconstruction a success or failure…?
Reconstruction Politics (1863/65-1877) I.Intro II.Presidential (1863-67) A.Lincoln B.Radicals & Others Southern Resistance C.Impeachment III.Radical/Congressional (1868-77) A.Amendments 13, 14, 15 B.1876 Election IV.Conc. Key Terms Lincoln’s Plan Radical Republicans Thaddeus Stevens Charles Sumner Andrew Johnson Black Codes 14 th Amendment Compromise of 1877