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Sport Psychology. Mental Side of Human Performance.

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Presentation on theme: "Sport Psychology. Mental Side of Human Performance."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sport Psychology

2 Mental Side of Human Performance.

3 Sport Psychology Sport Psychology is the study of how people think, feel and behave in sporting situations (training & competition). If connections between brain activity and performance success can be made and applied it can lead to further successes. Prior to athletic events it is important to be mentally prepared..

4 Performance States Ideal performance state – In The Zone!

5 Key Terms in Sport Psychology Arousal Anxiety Each sport has an optimal arousal zone where if too low an athlete can be bored or lack concentration or too high where stress and anxiety can cause muscle tension and choking. Choking –

6 Personality Of An Athlete

7 Key Terms in Sport Psychology Relaxation Concentration Motivation

8 Audience and Fatigue Role of the audience Fatigue © iStockphoto.com/LordRunar

9 Sport Psychology Tools Athletes can use many tools to motivate themselves, relax and concentrate on the task at hand. Motivation Positive Self-Talk - Self Efficacy

10 Tools For Motivation Improving Motivation –Four basic principles that relate to athletes: Personal traits vs. environment Multiple Motives Staying Motivated Leadership © iStockphoto.com/amygdala_imagery

11 Sport Psychology Tools – Relaxation & Concentration

12 Sport Psychology Tools – Concentration & Relaxation Imagery – Visualization

13 Sport Psychology Tools Goal Setting –Objective goals Empirically quantifiable –Subjective goals Outcomes harder to quantify S.M.A.R.T. Principle Specific - Able to be precisely defined Measurable - Able to be quantified Attainable - Within an athletes limitations Realistic - Attainable within constraints Timely - Achievable within a set time frame

14 Sport Psychology and Children Can have significant impact on approach to sports from a physical, social, and mental perspective Children respond well to praise and encouragement Enjoyment of activities will help them build skills and confidence Children benefit from participation during both games and practices

15 Sport Psychology and High School Athletics High school sport is designed to be educational. The goal should be to develop the self worth of athletes and build team unity. A seasons goals should revolve around achieving and working hard toward personal excellence and team excellence – a championship may be the result of strong team unity. Professional athletics is entertainment, high school sport is educational; the key is to not confuse the two. If the only reason a team is competing is to win a championship then for most teams the season would be considered a failure at the end. A coach who continually praises his athletes will build the self esteem of the athlete and they will be more confident, productive, resilient and willing to take risks for the rest of their lives. If goals were set around personal measures like playing time, starting positions, personal stats and winning instead of values high school sports have missed their calling.

16 Building Self Worth

17 Building Team Unity


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