3 Sport PsychologySport Psychology is the study of how people think, feel and behave in sporting situations (training & competition). If connections between brain activity and performance success can be made and applied it can lead to further successes. Prior to athletic events it is important to be mentally prepared..
4 Performance StatesIdeal performance state – “In The Zone!”
5 Key Terms in Sport Psychology ArousalAnxietyEach sport has an optimal arousal zone where if too low an athlete can be bored or lack concentration or too high where stress and anxiety can cause muscle tension and choking.Choking –
11 Sport Psychology Tools – Relaxation & Concentration
12 Sport Psychology Tools – Concentration & Relaxation Imagery –Visualization
13 Sport Psychology Tools Goal SettingObjective goalsEmpirically quantifiableSubjective goalsOutcomes harder to quantifyS.M.A.R.T. PrincipleSpecific - Able to be precisely definedMeasurable - Able to be quantifiedAttainable - Within an athlete’s limitationsRealistic - Attainable within constraintsTimely - Achievable within a set time frame
14 Sport Psychology and Children Can have significant impact on approach to sports from a physical, social, and mental perspectiveChildren respond well to praise and encouragementEnjoyment of activities will help them build skills and confidenceChildren benefit from participation during both games and practices
15 Sport Psychology and High School Athletics High school sport is designed to be educational. The goal should be to develop the self worth of athletes and build team unity. A seasons goals should revolve around achieving and working hard toward personal excellence and team excellence – a championship may be the result of strong team unity. Professional athletics is entertainment, high school sport is educational; the key is to not confuse the two. If the only reason a team is competing is to win a championship then for most teams the season would be considered a failure at the end. A coach who continually praises his athletes will build the self esteem of the athlete and they will be more confident, productive, resilient and willing to take risks for the rest of their lives. If goals were set around personal measures like playing time, starting positions, personal stats and winning instead of values high school sports have missed their calling.