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GREEK CITY-STATES. WARM-UP Imagine that you were in a situation in which you had to break the law in order to remain loyal to your family/friends. What.

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Presentation on theme: "GREEK CITY-STATES. WARM-UP Imagine that you were in a situation in which you had to break the law in order to remain loyal to your family/friends. What."— Presentation transcript:

1 GREEK CITY-STATES

2 WARM-UP Imagine that you were in a situation in which you had to break the law in order to remain loyal to your family/friends. What would you do? Why?

3 WARM-UP 1. Open a textbook to page In your spiral notebook, answer #2-3 in “Geography and History”. 3. Answer this question: In a war between Athens and Sparta, who would have the advantage in terms of geography? Why?

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5 CLOSING QUESTION In your spiral notebook, respond to the following: “List three (3) ways that history might have changed had the Persians defeated the Greeks.”

6 WARM-UP Who are some American mythic heroes? What do they tell you about American culture and/or what Americans value?

7 WARM-UP: Describe three (3) differences between the geography of Mesopotamia and the geography of Greece. Then, explain how those differences would impact these civilizations.

8 WARM-UP: Analyze the geographies of Mesopotamia and Greece: write three (3) similarities and three (3) differences.

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11 How did geography influence the Greek city-states? Geographic features: o Greece made of ____________ & ____________________ o ______________, ___________ divide land o Warm climate allowed ____________________________ Impact: o 1. _ o 2. _ o 3. _ o 4. _

12 How did geography influence the Greek city-states? Geographic features: o Greece made of peninsulas & ____________________ o ______________, ___________ divide land o Warm climate allowed ____________________________ Impact: o 1. _ o 2. _ o 3. _ o 4. _

13 How did geography influence the Greek city-states? Geographic features: o Greece made of peninsulas & islands o ______________, ___________ divide land o Warm climate allowed ____________________________ Impact: o 1. _ o 2. _ o 3. _ o 4. _

14 How did geography influence the Greek city-states? Geographic features: o Greece made of peninsulas & islands o mountains, ___________ divide land o Warm climate allowed ____________________________ Impact: o 1. _ o 2. _ o 3. _ o 4. _

15 How did geography influence the Greek city-states? Geographic features: o Greece made of peninsulas & islands o mountains, oceans divide land o Warm climate allowed ____________________________ Impact: o 1. _ o 2. _ o 3. _ o 4. _

16 How did geography influence the Greek city-states? Geographic features: o Greece made of peninsulas & islands o mountains, oceans divide land o Warm climate allowed outdoor activity/interaction Impact: o 1. _ o 2. _ o 3. _ o 4. _

17 How did geography influence the Greek city-states? Geographic features: o Greece made of peninsulas & islands o mountains, oceans divide land o Warm climate allowed outdoor activity/interaction Impact: o 1. independent city-states o 2. _ o 3. _ o 4. _

18 How did geography influence the Greek city-states? Geographic features: o Greece made of peninsulas & islands o mountains, oceans divide land o Warm climate allowed outdoor activity/interaction Impact: o 1. independent city-states o 2. independent & loyal individual people o 3. _ o 4. _

19 How did geography influence the Greek city-states? Geographic features: o Greece made of peninsulas & islands o mountains, oceans divide land o Warm climate allowed outdoor activity/interaction Impact: o 1. independent city-states o 2. independent & loyal individual people o 3. sea trade: exchange of goods & ideas o 4. _

20 How did geography influence the Greek city-states? Geographic features: o Greece made of peninsulas & islands o mountains, oceans divide land o Warm climate allowed outdoor activity/interaction Impact: o 1. independent city-states o 2. independent & loyal individual people o 3. sea trade: exchange of goods & ideas o 4. more difficult to conquer all as empire

21 What kinds of government did the Greeks develop? Unique version of Greek city-state called __________ Polis built on two levels: o 1. __________ = hilltop for defense, temples o 2. main city w/ market, theater, homes, etc. Early govts. 750 B.C. – 500 B.C. o 1. __________ – rule by king o 2. __________ – rule by upper class / nobility o 3. __________ – rule by wealthy elite o 4. __________ – rule by the people Development __________ allowed all people afford weapons, all people involved defense of polis – __________ = big formation foot soldiers

22 What kinds of government did the Greeks develop? Unique version of Greek city-state called polis Polis built on two levels: o 1. __________ = hilltop for defense, temples o 2. main city w/ market, theater, homes, etc. Early govts. 750 B.C. – 500 B.C. o 1. __________ – rule by king o 2. __________ – rule by upper class / nobility o 3. __________ – rule by wealthy elite o 4. __________ – rule by the people Development __________ allowed all people afford weapons, all people involved defense of polis – __________ = big formation foot soldiers

23 What kinds of government did the Greeks develop? Unique version of Greek city-state called polis Polis built on two levels: o 1. acropolis = hilltop for defense, temples o 2. main city w/ market, theater, homes, etc. Early govts. 750 B.C. – 500 B.C. o 1. __________ – rule by king o 2. __________ – rule by upper class / nobility o 3. __________ – rule by wealthy elite o 4. __________ – rule by the people Development __________ allowed all people afford weapons, all people involved defense of polis – __________ = big formation foot soldiers

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25 What kinds of government did the Greeks develop? Unique version of Greek city-state called polis Polis built on two levels: o 1. acropolis = hilltop for defense, temples o 2. main city w/ market, theater, homes, etc. Early govts. 750 B.C. – 500 B.C. o 1. __________ – rule by king o 2. __________ – rule by upper class / nobility o 3. __________ – rule by wealthy elite o 4. __________ – rule by the people Development __________ allowed all people afford weapons, all people involved defense of polis – __________ = big formation foot soldiers

26 What kinds of government did the Greeks develop? Unique version of Greek city-state called polis Polis built on two levels: o 1. acropolis = hilltop for defense, temples o 2. main city w/ market, theater, homes, etc. Early govts. 750 B.C. – 500 B.C. o 1. monarchy – rule by king o 2. __________ – rule by upper class / nobility o 3. __________ – rule by wealthy elite o 4. __________ – rule by the people Development __________ allowed all people afford weapons, all people involved defense of polis – __________ = big formation foot soldiers

27 What kinds of government did the Greeks develop? Unique version of Greek city-state called polis Polis built on two levels: o 1. acropolis = hilltop for defense, temples o 2. main city w/ market, theater, homes, etc. Early govts. 750 B.C. – 500 B.C. o 1. monarchy – rule by king o 2. aristocracy – rule by upper class / nobility o 3. __________ – rule by wealthy elite o 4. __________ – rule by the people Development __________ allowed all people afford weapons, all people involved defense of polis – __________ = big formation foot soldiers

28 What kinds of government did the Greeks develop? Unique version of Greek city-state called polis Polis built on two levels: o 1. acropolis = hilltop for defense, temples o 2. main city w/ market, theater, homes, etc. Early govts. 750 B.C. – 500 B.C. o 1. monarchy – rule by king o 2. aristocracy – rule by upper class / nobility o 3. oligarchy – rule by wealthy elite o 4. __________ – rule by the people Development __________ allowed all people afford weapons, all people involved defense of polis – __________ = big formation foot soldiers

29 What kinds of government did the Greeks develop? Unique version of Greek city-state called polis Polis built on two levels: o 1. acropolis = hilltop for defense, temples o 2. main city w/ market, theater, homes, etc. Early govts. 750 B.C. – 500 B.C. o 1. monarchy – rule by king o 2. aristocracy – rule by upper class / nobility o 3. oligarchy – rule by wealthy elite o 4. democracy – rule by the people Development __________ allowed all people afford weapons, all people involved defense of polis – __________ = big formation foot soldiers

30 What kinds of government did the Greeks develop? Unique version of Greek city-state called polis Polis built on two levels: o 1. acropolis = hilltop for defense, temples o 2. main city w/ market, theater, homes, etc. Early govts. 750 B.C. – 500 B.C. o 1. monarchy – rule by king o 2. aristocracy – rule by upper class / nobility o 3. oligarchy – rule by wealthy elite o 4. democracy – rule by the people Development iron allowed all people afford weapons, all people involved defense of polis – __________ = big formation foot soldiers

31 What kinds of government did the Greeks develop? Unique version of Greek city-state called polis Polis built on two levels: o 1. acropolis = hilltop for defense, temples o 2. main city w/ market, theater, homes, etc. Early govts. 750 B.C. – 500 B.C. o 1. monarchy – rule by king o 2. aristocracy – rule by upper class / nobility o 3. oligarchy – rule by wealthy elite o 4. democracy – rule by the people Development iron allowed all people afford weapons, all people involved defense of polis – phalanx = big formation foot soldiers

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33 How did Sparta and Athens differ?  __________ : discipline & military – warrior society  __________ : individual & political rights o common people demanded more, led to limited __________ o Although all Greek city-states fight & competed economically, all Greeks shared __________ of language, religion, mythology, etc. See Athens/Sparta chart for more details

34 How did Sparta and Athens differ? Sparta : discipline & military – warrior society  __________ : individual & political rights o common people demanded more, led to limited __________ Although all Greek city-states fight & competed economically, all Greeks shared __________ of language, religion, mythology, etc. See Athens/Sparta chart for more details

35 How did Sparta and Athens differ? Sparta : discipline & military – warrior society Athens : individual & political rights o common people demanded more, led to limited __________ Although all Greek city-states fight & competed economically, all Greeks shared __________ of language, religion, mythology, etc. See Athens/Sparta chart for more details

36 How did Sparta and Athens differ? Sparta : discipline & military – warrior society Athens : individual & political rights o common people demanded more, led to limited democracy Although all Greek city-states fight & competed economically, all Greeks shared __________ of language, religion, mythology, etc. See Athens/Sparta chart for more details

37 How did Sparta and Athens differ? Sparta : discipline & military – warrior society Athens : individual & political rights o common people demanded more, led to limited democracy Although all Greek city-states fight & competed economically, all Greeks shared culture of language, religion, mythology, etc. See Athens/Sparta chart for more details


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