Presentation on theme: "*Citizen- member of a state or nation"— Presentation transcript:
1 Aim: How did geographic conditions influence the development of classical civilizations ? *Citizen- member of a state or nation*Oligarchy- Type of government where power lies in the hands of a few people*Democracy-Political power lies in the hands of the people or citizens*Totalitarian-Dictatorship/government has total control*Mandate of Heaven- Divine (heaven) approval of the ruler*Dynastic Cycle- Pattern of rise, fall, and replacement of Dynasties*polis- small independent city-states
2 Essential Questions How did geography influence China? How did the Mandate of heaven influence Chinese society?How was the development of “city-states” (polis) influenced by Greece’s geography?What were the two most famous city-states?How was life different in these two city-states?
3 China’s Geography The most isolated of all ancient civilizations Developed separately from other civilizationsNatural physical barriersHigh mountains (west and southwest)Gobi desert (north)Pacific Ocean (east)How would this impact the development of ancient China?
4 Task #1 Obtain your review book/photocopy Turn to Unit #1 section 2 Complete the section of the review sheet of the “Dynastic Cycle”5 minutes for this taskBureaucracy-is a system of managing government through departments that are run by appointed officials.
6 Greece’s Geography Peninsula (ocean water on 3 sides) Few rivers Many mountainsIsolated valleysSmall islandsHow did geography impact Greece’s development?
7 Group work Students will work in pairs One students will read the section on Athens and fill out the graphic organizerOne student will read the section on Sparta and fill out the graphic organizerAfter both students are finished, they will then compare their findings
8 Athens Limited Democracy Laws made by assembly Only male citizens in assemblyTrade with other city-statesEducation for boysWomen inferior
9 AthensDemocratic Athens (450 BC) Athens had a system of government in which every citizen could participate in government directly, by voting on issues brought before them (DEMOCRACY)Only a small minority were citizens – women and slaves were not considered citizensAthens establishes the pattern for later Western democraciesThe Age of Pericles, the Golden Age of Athens
10 Sparta Monarchy with two kings MILITARY society Trade and travel not allowedMilitary training for all boysGirls trained to be mothers of soldiersWomen obey menWomen own property
11 SpartaTotalitarian Sparta – all parts of life: economic, social, political, religious, and educational are controlled by the stateLife was organized around military needs = militaristic stateMilitary strength and rule by just a few people, land owners and nobility = aristocracyThe majority of Spartans had no say in the governmentIndividualism and new ideas were discouragedDid not promote individual freedom in the arts and sciences and thus it had little impact on western European historyWeak infants were left to die
12 What did Athens and Sparta have in common? Using the reading, consider what both these city states had in common.Common languageShared heroesOlympic gamesSame gods and religious beliefs