Presentation on theme: "Warm Up Write down the lesson name and objective. Answer the following questions: What types of geographic features are there in Greece? Why did."— Presentation transcript:
Warm Up Write down the lesson name and objective. Answer the following questions: What types of geographic features are there in Greece? Why did so many different cultures and governments form? Define the term city-state. How is a city-state different than a country?
Greek City-States Geographic features separated Greece into small regions
Greek City States Form of government in Greece, including colonies, was the city-state
The polis —Greek name for a city-state—common around 700 B.C.
Center of life was the agora—open space for business, gatherings - political discussions, festivals, athletic contests - statues, temples, public buildings
Modern Day Agora
Ancient Greek Agora
Many cities had a fortified hilltop—acropolis, or “highest city” - used for military at first, but later had temples, palaces
Greek City State Governments Monarchy – Ruled by King or Queen, aristocracy (upper class, wealthy families) Oligarchy – Rule by few, based on wealth & land, not birth (like monarchy) Tyrants – someone who took power illegally, not necessarily cruel in Greece, united people in change
Citizenship People learned they could influence government, demanded more power Greeks invented idea of citizenship Citizen—person loyal to government and protected by government -In Greece, must be born to free citizens, either upper or lower class and must be male -In much of Greece, only upper-class citizens had power Lower-class citizens demanded power; slowly created major change
Direct Democracy Direct Democracy In democracy, all citizens make political decisions in government Athens had direct democracy—all citizens meet to decide on laws United States has indirect democracy—people elect representatives
RAFT Role – Sailor Audience – Mother Format – Letter Topic – different types of government you’ve encountered in your travels
Exit Ticket How were city states divided up? How I democracy different than a monarchy, oligarchy or a tyrant? What was most interesting? What was most confusing? Write a question that can be used on a quiz – 3 raffle tickets if I choose it.