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ATTACHMENTS AND MOVEMENTS MUSCLES. MUSCLES OF SHOULDER GIRDLE Trapezius Rhomboids Serratus Anterior Levator Scapulae Pectoralis Minor.

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Presentation on theme: "ATTACHMENTS AND MOVEMENTS MUSCLES. MUSCLES OF SHOULDER GIRDLE Trapezius Rhomboids Serratus Anterior Levator Scapulae Pectoralis Minor."— Presentation transcript:

1 ATTACHMENTS AND MOVEMENTS MUSCLES

2 MUSCLES OF SHOULDER GIRDLE Trapezius Rhomboids Serratus Anterior Levator Scapulae Pectoralis Minor

3 TRAPEZIUS Proximal Attachments: Occipital Bone, Ligamentus Nuchae, Thoracic Vertebrae Distal Attachments: Spine of Scapula, Distal posterior 1/3 of the scapula. Movements: Elevation, Retraction, Depression, Upward Rotation

4 RHOMBOIDS Proximal Attachment- c7-t5 of vertebrae Distal Attachment- Vertebral (Medial Border of the scapula. Movements: elevation, retraction, downward rotation.

5 SERRATUS ANTERIOR Proximal Attachment- the top of the back surface of the top nine ribs. Distal Attachment- Vertebral Border of the scapula on the underside Movements- upward rotation, protraction

6 LEVATOR SCAPULAE Proximal Attachment- Transverse Process of the top 4 cervical vertebrae. Distal Attachment- Superior angle of the scapula Movements- Elevation of scapula, lateral flexion of the neck

7 PECTORALIS MINOR Proximal Attachment- 3-5 th rib Distal Attachment- corocoid process Movements depression, downward rotation, protraction

8 MUSCLES OF THE SHOULDER JOINT (GLENOHUMERAL JOINT) Anterior Deltoid Medial Deltoid Posterior Deltoid Pectoralis Major Latissimus Dorsi Teres Major Rotator Cuff Muscles InfraSpinatus SupraSpinatus Subscapularis Teres Minor

9 ANTERIOR DELTOID Proximal Attachment-distal anterior 1/3 of the clavicle Distal Attachment- deltoid tuberosity (humerus) Movements: flexion, inward rotation, minor in horizontal adduction

10 POSTERIOR DELTOID Proximal Attachment- spine of scapula Distal Attachment- deltoid tuberosity Movements: outward rotation, extension, horizontal abduction

11 MEDIAL DELTOID Proximal Attachment- acromion process Distal Attachment- deltoid tuberosity Movements: abduction

12 PECTORALIS MAJOR Proximal Attachments- sternum, clavicle Distal Attachment- bicepital groove (humerus) Movements: horizontal adduction, inward rotation, flexion.

13 LATISSIMUS DORSI Proximal Attachment- crest of ilium via lumbosacral fascia, lower 6 thoracic vertebrae, all of lumbar vertebrae Distal Attachment- bicepital groove (humerus) Movements: extension, inward rotation, adduction

14 TERES MAJOR Proximal Attachment- inferior angle of the scapula Distal Attachment- bicepital groove (humerus) Movements: extension, inward rotation, adduction

15 INFRASPINATUS (ROT.CUF.) Proximal Attachment- infraspinus fossa Distal Attachment- greater tubericle Movements: outward rotation, horizontal abduction

16 SUPRASPINATUS (ROT.CUF.) Proximal Attachment- supraspinus fossa Distal Attachment- top of the greater tubericle Movements: abduction

17 SUBSCAPULARIS (ROT.CUF.) Proximal Attachment- subscapular fossa Distal Attachment- lesser tubericle Movements: medial rotation, horizontal adduction

18 TERES MINOR (ROT.CUF.) Proximal Attachment- axillary (lateral) border of the scapula Distal Attachment- greater tubericle Movements: outward rotation, horizontal abduction

19 MUSCLES OF THE ELBOW Triceps Biceps Brachialis Brachioradialis

20 TRICEPS Proximal Attachment: (long head) underneath glenoid fossa, (lateral head) back of the humerus about an inch below the head of the humerus, back surface of the humerus. Distal Attachment: ulecranon process Movements: Elbow extension

21 BICEPS Proximal Attachment: On top of the glenoid fossa, corocoid process Distal Attachment: radial tuberosity Movements: Elbow flexion, forearm supination

22 BRACHIALIS Proximal Attachment: distal anterior 2/3 of the humerus Distal Attachment: coronoid process (ulna) Movements: Elbow flexion,

23 BRACHIORADIALIS Proximal Attachment: supracondylar ridge of humerus Distal Attachment: styloid process of the radius Movements: elbow flexion, forearm pronation

24 WRIST FLEXORS Proximal Attachment: Medial Epicondyle of the Humerus Distal Attachment: Carpals, and Metacarpals (Palm side) Movements: Wrist flexion

25 WRIST EXTENSORS Proximal Attachment: lateral epicondyle of the humerus Distal Attachment: dorsal surface of the carpals and metacarpals. Movements: wrist extension, and wrist hyperextension

26 MUSCLES OF THE HIP Sartorius Rectus Femoris Psoas Illiacus Tensor Fascia Latae Gluteus Maximus Gluteus Medius Gluteus Minimus Hip Adductor Muscles

27 SARTORIUS Proximal Attachment: Anterior Superior Iliac Spine Distal Attachment: Tibial Tuberosity Movements: Hip Flexion, Knee Flexion, Outward rotation, Abduction

28 RECTUS FEMORIS Proximal Attachment: Anterior Inferior Iliac Spine Distal Attachment: Tibial Tuberosity Movements: Hip Flexion, Knee Extension

29 PSOAS Proximal Attachment: Anterior portion of all Lumbar Vertebrae Distal Attachment: Lesser Trochanter of the Femur Movements: Hip Flexion, Outward Rotation

30 ILIACUS Proximal Attachment: Inside of the Ilium Distal Attachment: Lesser trochanter of the Femur Movements: Hip flexion, outward rotation, adduction

31 TENSOR FASCIA LATAE Proximal Attachment: Behind the Anterior Superior Iliac Spine Distal Attachment: Lateral Tibia via the IT band Movements: Stabilizes the IT Tract, Assists in Hip flexion and inward rotation.

32 GLUTEUS MAXIMUS Proximal Attachment: Crest of the Ilium, Lumbo- sacral fascia, Sacrum Distal Attachment: Greater Trochanter of the Femur, IT Tract Movements: Hip Extension, Outward Rotation

33 GLUTEUS MEDIUS Proximal Attachment: Crest of Ilium, Outside Fossa of the Ilium. Distal Attachment: Anterior Portion of the Greater Trochanter Movements: Abduction, Inward Rotation

34 GLUTEUS MINIMUS Proximal Attachment: Same as Medius Distal Attachment: Same as Medius Movements: Abduction, inward rotation.

35 HIP ADDUCTORS Proximal Attachment: Inferior Ramus Distal Attachment: Lineaspera of the Femur Movements: Adduction, Outward Rotation.

36 MUSCLES OF THE KNEE Vastus Lateralis Vastus Medialis Vastus Intermedius Semitendinosis Semimembranosis Biceps Femoris Gastrocnemius Soleus Anterior Tibialis

37 VASTUS LATERALIS Proximal Attachment: linea aspera Distal Attachment: tibial tuberosity Movements: knee extension

38 VASTUS MEDIALIS Proximal Attachment: linea aspera Distal Attachment: tibial tuberosity Movements: knee extension

39 VASTUS INTERMEDIUS Proximal Attachment: upper anterior 2/3 of femur Distal Attachment: tibial tuberosity Movements: knee extension

40 SEMIMEMBRANOSIS Proximal Attachment: Ishial Tuberosity Distal Attachment: Medial portion of tibial tuberosity (same as the sartorius) Movements: Knee Flexion, hip extension, medial rotation

41 SEMITENDINOSIS Proximal Attachment: Ishial Tuberosity Distal Attachment: Medial tibia tuberosity Movements: knee flexion, hip extension, medial rotation.

42 BICEPS FEMORIS Proximal Attachment: Long Head- Ishial Tuberosity, Short Head- Linea aspera Distal Attachment: Tibia, and lateral fibula Movements: knee flexion, hip extension,

43 GASTROCNEMIUS Proximal Attachment: back of femur (condyles of the knee) Distal Attachment: Calcaneus Movements: Plantarflexion, assists in knee flexion

44 SOLEUS Proximal Attachment: Posterior tibia and fibula Distal Attachment: calcaneus (underneath the gastrocnemius Movements: plantar flexion

45 ANTERIOR TIBIALIS Proximal Attachment: lateral tibia Distal Attachment: top of the 1 st metatarsal Movements: dorsiflexion, inversion

46 SPINAL MUSCLES Erector Spinae Abdominus Rectus Internal Obliques External Obliques

47 ERECTOR SPINAE Proximal Attachment: spinus and vertebral processes of the vertebrae Distal Attachment: “ “, lumbosacral fascia Movements: extension and hyperextension of the spine.

48 ABDOMINUS RECTUS Proximal Attachment: pelvis Distal Attachment: costal cartilage of 5-7 ribs Movements: flexion, lateral flexion

49 INTERNAL OBLIQUES Proximal Attachment: linea alba, lower 4 ribs Distal Attachment: crest of the ilium, lumbosacral fascia, ingual ligament Movements: rotation, flexion, lateral flexion

50 EXTERNAL OBLIQUES Proximal Attachment: bottom 8 ribs, Distal Attachment: linea alba, and crest of the ilium Movements: flexion, lateral flexion, rotation


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