Presentation on theme: "ATTACHMENTS AND MOVEMENTS MUSCLES. MUSCLES OF SHOULDER GIRDLE Trapezius Rhomboids Serratus Anterior Levator Scapulae Pectoralis Minor."— Presentation transcript:
ATTACHMENTS AND MOVEMENTS MUSCLES
MUSCLES OF SHOULDER GIRDLE Trapezius Rhomboids Serratus Anterior Levator Scapulae Pectoralis Minor
TRAPEZIUS Proximal Attachments: Occipital Bone, Ligamentus Nuchae, Thoracic Vertebrae Distal Attachments: Spine of Scapula, Distal posterior 1/3 of the scapula. Movements: Elevation, Retraction, Depression, Upward Rotation
RHOMBOIDS Proximal Attachment- c7-t5 of vertebrae Distal Attachment- Vertebral (Medial Border of the scapula. Movements: elevation, retraction, downward rotation.
SERRATUS ANTERIOR Proximal Attachment- the top of the back surface of the top nine ribs. Distal Attachment- Vertebral Border of the scapula on the underside Movements- upward rotation, protraction
LEVATOR SCAPULAE Proximal Attachment- Transverse Process of the top 4 cervical vertebrae. Distal Attachment- Superior angle of the scapula Movements- Elevation of scapula, lateral flexion of the neck
PECTORALIS MINOR Proximal Attachment- 3-5 th rib Distal Attachment- corocoid process Movements depression, downward rotation, protraction
MUSCLES OF THE SHOULDER JOINT (GLENOHUMERAL JOINT) Anterior Deltoid Medial Deltoid Posterior Deltoid Pectoralis Major Latissimus Dorsi Teres Major Rotator Cuff Muscles InfraSpinatus SupraSpinatus Subscapularis Teres Minor
ANTERIOR DELTOID Proximal Attachment-distal anterior 1/3 of the clavicle Distal Attachment- deltoid tuberosity (humerus) Movements: flexion, inward rotation, minor in horizontal adduction
TERES MINOR (ROT.CUF.) Proximal Attachment- axillary (lateral) border of the scapula Distal Attachment- greater tubericle Movements: outward rotation, horizontal abduction
MUSCLES OF THE ELBOW Triceps Biceps Brachialis Brachioradialis
TRICEPS Proximal Attachment: (long head) underneath glenoid fossa, (lateral head) back of the humerus about an inch below the head of the humerus, back surface of the humerus. Distal Attachment: ulecranon process Movements: Elbow extension
BICEPS Proximal Attachment: On top of the glenoid fossa, corocoid process Distal Attachment: radial tuberosity Movements: Elbow flexion, forearm supination
BRACHIALIS Proximal Attachment: distal anterior 2/3 of the humerus Distal Attachment: coronoid process (ulna) Movements: Elbow flexion,
BRACHIORADIALIS Proximal Attachment: supracondylar ridge of humerus Distal Attachment: styloid process of the radius Movements: elbow flexion, forearm pronation
WRIST FLEXORS Proximal Attachment: Medial Epicondyle of the Humerus Distal Attachment: Carpals, and Metacarpals (Palm side) Movements: Wrist flexion
WRIST EXTENSORS Proximal Attachment: lateral epicondyle of the humerus Distal Attachment: dorsal surface of the carpals and metacarpals. Movements: wrist extension, and wrist hyperextension
MUSCLES OF THE HIP Sartorius Rectus Femoris Psoas Illiacus Tensor Fascia Latae Gluteus Maximus Gluteus Medius Gluteus Minimus Hip Adductor Muscles
SARTORIUS Proximal Attachment: Anterior Superior Iliac Spine Distal Attachment: Tibial Tuberosity Movements: Hip Flexion, Knee Flexion, Outward rotation, Abduction
PSOAS Proximal Attachment: Anterior portion of all Lumbar Vertebrae Distal Attachment: Lesser Trochanter of the Femur Movements: Hip Flexion, Outward Rotation
ILIACUS Proximal Attachment: Inside of the Ilium Distal Attachment: Lesser trochanter of the Femur Movements: Hip flexion, outward rotation, adduction
TENSOR FASCIA LATAE Proximal Attachment: Behind the Anterior Superior Iliac Spine Distal Attachment: Lateral Tibia via the IT band Movements: Stabilizes the IT Tract, Assists in Hip flexion and inward rotation.
GLUTEUS MAXIMUS Proximal Attachment: Crest of the Ilium, Lumbo- sacral fascia, Sacrum Distal Attachment: Greater Trochanter of the Femur, IT Tract Movements: Hip Extension, Outward Rotation
GLUTEUS MEDIUS Proximal Attachment: Crest of Ilium, Outside Fossa of the Ilium. Distal Attachment: Anterior Portion of the Greater Trochanter Movements: Abduction, Inward Rotation
GLUTEUS MINIMUS Proximal Attachment: Same as Medius Distal Attachment: Same as Medius Movements: Abduction, inward rotation.
HIP ADDUCTORS Proximal Attachment: Inferior Ramus Distal Attachment: Lineaspera of the Femur Movements: Adduction, Outward Rotation.
MUSCLES OF THE KNEE Vastus Lateralis Vastus Medialis Vastus Intermedius Semitendinosis Semimembranosis Biceps Femoris Gastrocnemius Soleus Anterior Tibialis