# Use Subordination, Coordination, and Apposition

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Use Subordination, Coordination, and Apposition
Measuring Up! Lesson 24 Use Subordination, Coordination, and Apposition

Anticipatory Set It is important in your writing to make clear why you are including some information, and to make sure your more important points stand out.

California Standard Written Conventions 8.1.3: Use subordination, coordination, apposition, and other devices to indicate clearly the relationship between ideas.

Input Some ideas are more important than others, and the writer has to emphasize their importance in various ways.

Input To organize your ideas so that the reader recognizes your major points and your minor points, use subordination, coordination, apposition, and other devices that indicate clearly the relationship between ideas.

Subordination: place less important ideas in the subordinate clause.
Input Subordination: place less important ideas in the subordinate clause.

Input Subordination: NOT CORRECT The mandrill is often called the most colorful mammal. It has a brilliant crimson nose and bright blue cheeks. CORRECT USE OF SUBORDINATION: The mandrill is often called the most colorful mammal because it has a brilliant crimson nose and bright blue cheeks. Because it has a brilliant crimson nose and bright blue cheeks, the mandrill is often called the most colorful mammal.

Coordination: Link ideas of equal rank with the appropriate method.
Input Coordination: Link ideas of equal rank with the appropriate method. Coordinating conjunction Correlative conjunction Semicolon Semicolon & a conjunctive adverb

F.A.N.B.O.Y.S. coordinating conjunction: for and nor but or yet so
Input coordinating conjunction: for and nor but or yet so F.A.N.B.O.Y.S.

correlative conjunction: (always used in pairs) either…or neither…nor
Input correlative conjunction: (always used in pairs) either…or neither…nor not only…but also both…and

semicolon & conjunctive adverb: furthermore therefore for example
Input semicolon: ; semicolon & conjunctive adverb: furthermore therefore for example however

Input Coordination: NOT CORRECT Years ago most baseball players were recruited right out of high school. Today most play college ball and then move to the majors. CORRECT USE OF COORDINATION: Years ago most baseball players were recruited right out of high school, but today most play college ball and then move to the majors.

Input apposition: place a word or phrase in apposition next to the other word. appositive: a word or phrase that identifies another word in the sentence.

Input Apposition: NOT CORRECT The dog was a large Saint Bernard. It crushed the flowers in the garden. CORRECT USE OF APPOSITION: The dog, a large Saint Bernard, crushed the flowers in the garden.

Modeling Choose the most effective word or phrase within the context suggested by the sentence(s). Mackenzie’s clarinet squealed like a startled puppy, _____ she hadn’t practiced in weeks. because for since unless Parallel Structure should be used when elements are joined by coordinating conjunctions.

Modeling Choose the sentence that expresses the thought most clearly and effectively, and that has no errors in structure. Bonkers retrieves anything round, but put away those CDs if you don’t want teeth marks in them. Bonkers retrieves anything round, and put away those CDs if you don’t want teeth marks in them. Bonkers retrieves anything round, so put away those CDs if you don’t want teeth marks in them. Parallel Structure should be used when elements are joined by coordinating conjunctions.

Modeling Underline the appositives in the following sentences and draw an arrow to the noun/pronoun it modifies. Correctly punctuate when needed. An above-average student and talented musician, John made his family proud. Sweetbriar a company known throughout the south is considering a nationwide advertising campaign. , Parallel Structure should be used when elements are joined by coordinating conjunctions. ,

Check for Understanding
Choose the most effective word or phrase within the context suggested by the sentence(s). She did a good job on her test; _____, she still wasn’t satisfied with her performance. furthermore moreover however additionally

Check for Understanding
What is the appositive, and which noun/pronoun is it modifying? Elizabeth Teague, a sweet and lovable girl, grew up to be a mentally troubled woman.

Guided Practice Independent Practice #1 from each section of the
WC 1.3 Practice Worksheet Independent Practice C A Policeman (arrow to my son) Complete the WC 1.3 Practice Worksheet