Presentation on theme: "Independent vs. Subordinate"— Presentation transcript:
1 Independent vs. Subordinate ClausesIndependent vs. Subordinate
2 Independent ClauseAlso called a main clause because it is the “main” part of the sentenceContains a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought and can stand alone (that’s why it’s “independent”)Summer break is almost here.
3 Creating a simple sentence 1 independent clauseMay contain modifiers (adjectives, adverbs, phrases, etc.)Will have only 1 subject – verb setSubjects and verbs may be compound but they will not create a new sentence
4 I like ice cream with hot fudge. My sister and I like to eat S VI like ice cream with hot fudge.My sister and I like to eatS S Vpopcorn for a bedtime snack.John and his dog run and playS S V Vin the park.
5 Creating Compound Sentences 2 independent clauses combinedI like ice cream,but I prefer popcorn.There are 3 options for punctuating a compound sentence.This gives you, the writer, choices for voice and sentence fluency.
6 Punctuating Compound Sentences Option 1:When combining independent clauses with a conjunction such as: and, but, or, nor, for, so, or yet place a comma before the connecting word.Everyone in my family loves fishing, but I prefer swimming.
7 Option 2:When combining independent clauses without a conjunction, use a semicolon.Everyone in my family loves fishing; I prefer swimming.
8 The conjunction adverb or expression must be followed by a comma. Option 3:Use a semicolon between independent clauses that are joined by conjunction adverbs or transitional expressions.The conjunction adverb or expression must be followed by a comma.Everyone is going fishing; however, I am going swimming.
9 Common conjunction adverbs: Common transitional expressions: accordingly, furthermore, moreover, similarly, also, hence, namely, still, anyway, however, nevertheless, besides, incidentally, thereafter, certainly, indeed, nonetheless, therefore, consequently, instead, thus, likewise, otherwise, undoubtedly, further, meanwhile.As a result, for example, for instance, in addition, in fact, that is, in conclusion, in other words, in the meantime, on the contrary,
10 Subordinate (dependent) Clause Contains a subject and a verb but does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone.A subordinate clause acts like an adjective, an adverb, or a noun.that I like so muchs v
11 Subordinate clauses will often start with adverbs, prepositions, or relative pronouns. Words such as:after, although, as, as if, because, before, even, if, how, however, since, though, that, unless, until, what, whatever, when, whenever, where, whether, which, while, whoever, whose, who, whom, and why.Example:which is my favorite song.as she has always insisted.
12 Creating Complex Sentences 1 independent clause + 1(or more) subordinate clausesWe sang “Green Grow the Lilacs,”independentwhich is my favorite song.subordinateAs she has always insisted,subordinateMother will not sing at parties.independent
13 Punctuating Complex Sentences If a subordinate clause is essential to the meaning of the sentence, then it does not need to be set off by commas.My family fishes every day when we go to the lake.
14 If a subordinate clause is not essential, it only adds extra information, than it must be set off by commas.We are going fishing, which is my family’s favorite sport.
15 An introductory subordinate clause must be set off by commas, whether it’s essential or not. When we’re up at the lake, my family loves to go fishing.