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THE ADMINISTRATION OF WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT Methods that Agencies Use to Protect Wildlife.

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Presentation on theme: "THE ADMINISTRATION OF WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT Methods that Agencies Use to Protect Wildlife."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE ADMINISTRATION OF WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT Methods that Agencies Use to Protect Wildlife

2 Objectives  Identify the major federal agencies directly involved in wildlife management.  Describe the methods these agencies use to protect wildlife resources.  Understand the need for these agencies.  Discuss these agencies and their roles in protecting wildlife resources.

3 Endangered Species  FWS in charge  Animals that meet the criteria are placed on the official List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants that is maintained by the Dept. of the Interior  FWS biologists work with universities, other federal and state agencies and private organizations to develop a plan to save the species.

4 Endangered Species Recovery Plans  Habitat preservation  Habitat management  Captive breeding  Research  Law enforcement  Reintroduction of a species

5 National Wildlife Refuges  Supervised by the FWS  Established by President Teddy Roosevelt  First was when he designated Pelican Island, Florida as a bird sanctuary  Now 90 million acres located in more than 450 parcels from Maine to the Caribbean and from the Arctic Ocean to the South Pacific  Alaska contains the bulk of the acreage but they can be found in all 50 states

6 Migratory Birds  USFWS has international responsibility for migratory bird conservation—more than 800 species!!  The US has treaties for the protection of migratory birds with  Canada  Mexico  Japan  Russia  These agreements are vital to the welfare of migratory birds, especially waterfowl

7 Migratory Birds  Satellite imagery, air and ground surveys and bird banding help the FWS assess habitat conditions and estimate population trends

8 Migratory Birds  Hunters also play a vital role in the information gathering process.  Questionnaires are sent to selected hunters that ask for information on the number of waterfowl taken  Hunters are also asked to submit the wings of ducks and tail feathers of geese This helps the service identify the age, species and sex of the birds taken

9 Migratory Birds—Bird Banding  Since 1920  4,000 certified banders band more than 1 million birds each year  FWS has a bird banding laboratory in Laurel, Maryland that maintains records on more than 45 million birds  50,000 bands are recovered each year  The data gathered from the bands proves to be an invaluable source of information for researchers regarding migratory routes, distribution, breeding age and other life history

10 Migratory Birds  FWS also conducts an annual Breeding Bird Survey to obtain information about songbirds and many nongame species.

11 Fisheries  FWS also manages the nations fisheries.  They work to restore fisheries that have been depleted.  Fisheries become depleted in many ways but the most common ones are  Pollution  Overfishing  Other habitat damage

12 Fisheries  The FWS is currently focusing on four important species  The major salmonid species of the Pacific Northwest (coho, chinook, steelhead)  Striped bass of the Chesapeake Bay Region and Gulf Coast  Atlantic salmon of New England  Lake trout of the upper Great Lakes

13 Fisheries  The FWS maintains research labs to help in these efforts  There they study fish genetics, health, nutrition, and other aspects of fish ecology  These labs provide vital information needed to restore wild fish populations  The information is also important to over 70 fish hatcheries that the FWS utilizes  These hatcheries produce more than 160 million fish of 50 different species that are stocked in our nations waters!!  The goal of FWS biologist is to once again make these fish populations self sustaining.

14 Habitat Protection  FWS works with other agencies, industry, the states and members of public to provide vital biological advice concerning the affect development activities have on wildlife.  Projects that require federal funding are studied by the FWS to asses their potential affect on wildlife.  FWS biologists make recommendations on ways to minimize, avoid, or compensate for projects with harmful affects to fish and wildlife.  FWS also works with the USDA and farmers to restore damaged or drained wetlands and to conserve the remaining acres of wetlands.

15 Research  Most important job of FWS.  Research is vital to conserving fish and wildlife.  FWS maintains large research labs and field operations and works with universities across the country.  FWS also provides funding to many state universities (like SDSU) to train graduate students in fish and wildlife biology.

16 Law Enforcement  Enforce federal wildlife laws.  FWS is also responsible for enforcing wildlife laws that arise from international agreements.  200+ special agents and inspectors are employed by the Service to help enforce permit requirements and wildlife laws.  Inspectors are stationed at major points of entry.

17 Law Enforcement  Inspectors are responsible for:  Investigating large scale poaching and commercial trade in protected wildlife  Handling individual violations of migratory bird hunting  Inspecting shipments of live animals and wildlife products.

18 Administering Federal Aid  Federal aid comes from 2 laws  The Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act  Federal Aid in Sports Fisheries Restoration Act

19 Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act  Commonly known as the Pittman-Robertson Act  Provides money to support a variety of wildlife projects  Monies come from federal excise taxes on sporting arms, ammunition and archery equipment.  Funding began in 1939

20 Federal Aid in Sport Fisheries Act  Commonly called the Dingell-Johnson Act  Comes from an excise tax on sport fishing tackle  First allotted to the states in 1952  1984 it was supplemented by the Wallop-Breaux amendments

21 Federal Aid in Sport Fisheries Act  Wallop-Breaux amendment extended the excise tax to include sporting equipment that had not been previously taxed.  It also designated a portion of the existing federal tax on motorboat fuels and import duties on pleasure boats and fishing tackle to fish restoration.

22 Federal Aid in Sport Fisheries Act  Monies are used for  Fisheries research,  Access to fishing and boating areas,  Managing and maintaining fish habitat,  Restoring depleted fisheries  Carrying out aquatic education  Funds are distributed using a formula that considers the number of fishing and hunting license holders within a state or territory and the state’s or territories' area.

23 Funding  Sportsmen and sportswomen have provided in excess of $2 billion dollars for fish and wildlife conservation programs since the laws were enacted.

24 Summary  America has an effective and efficient wildlife and fisheries management system.  We have an abundance of wildlife and fish resources—resources that will be available to our children and grandchildren if we continue to properly care for them through the support these agencies.  Agencies that work against our greatest challenge in conserving fish and wildlife—habitat loss!

25 Assignment  Complete Learning Activity #1- Using additional references make a chronological list of dates and events that were important to the development of wildlife conservation and management in America.  Group 1- 1900-1950—earliest were 1871 and may be included  Group 2- 1950-Present  Group 1-Tyler, Alyssa, Tessa, Erika  Group 2- Kyle, Ellie, Hannah, Tyler C.

26 Reference Website  ory.htm#_Early_1900s:_First ory.htm#_Early_1900s:_First  l l

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