Nouns A noun is a word used to name a person, place, quality, thing or idea. Different kinds: Common Noun- Names a general person, place, or thing. Ex: car Proper Noun- Names a specific person, place, or thing. Proper nouns are capitalized. Ex: Chris Concrete Noun- One of the 5 senses that are experienced by a person, place, or thing. Ex: soldier Abstract Noun- Names an idea; cannot be experienced by one of the 5 senses. Ex: bravery Ex: The cow jumped over the moon.
Verbs Verbs express existence or action. Three types of verbs: Action Verb- Tells what the subject does. Ex: climbs Helping Verb- Helps the main verb express its meaning. Ex: will ride. Linking Verb- Links the subject to a word in the predicate. Ex: is The prince fought the dragon. My mom has gone to the store. The end is near.
Adjectives An adjective is a word that modifies a noun or pronoun. Adjectives answer the questions: How many? Seven balloons What kind? A deadly storm Which one? The worst day How much? Plenty of food Ex: During a violent storm, a large boat capsized in the enormous waves.
Adverbs An adverb is a word that modifies verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Adverbs answer the questions: How? quickly ran When? went yesterday Where? raining inside To what extent? carefully crawled Ex: He began to study quite early for the test.
Prepositions A preposition is a word that shows a relationship between a noun or pronoun and some other word in the sentence. Common prepositions: above, around, beside, during, from, in, through, under, with A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition, its object, and any modifiers of the object. Ex: Robots conduct missions for the space program. The dog ran around the tree.
Pronouns A pronoun is a word that is used in place of a noun or another pronoun. Common pronouns: I, We, You, She, He, It, They, This Plural Pronouns: We, You, They Singular Pronouns: I, You, He, She, It Ex: 1.) Maria was lost. She didn’t panic. 2.) I checked the flashlight. It still worked. In example 1 she refers back to Maria. In example 2 it refers back to the flashlight.
Interjections An interjection is a word or phrase used to express emotion. Common interjections: Hey, Wow, Oops, Oh no Interjections can stand alone or be set off by a comma. Ex: Ouch! That bee stung me! Hey, how do you like my new shoes?
Conjunctions A conjunction is a word used to join words or groups of words. Coordinating conjunctions connect words used in the same way. They are remembered as FAN BOYS. For And Nor But Or Yet So Ex: The party ended at 11:00, but I didn’t get home until midnight. The dishwasher and microwave are two inventions that have improved kitchen work.