Presentation on theme: "Parts of Speech Adjectives Prepositions Verbs Nouns Adverbs"— Presentation transcript:
1Parts of Speech Adjectives Prepositions Verbs Nouns Adverbs PronounsConjunctionsInterjections
2NounsA noun is a word used to name a person, place, quality, thing or idea.Different kinds:Common Noun- Names a general person, place, or thing. Ex: carProper Noun- Names a specific person, place, or thing. Proper nouns are capitalized. Ex: ChrisConcrete Noun- One of the 5 senses that are experienced by a person, place, or thing. Ex: soldierAbstract Noun- Names an idea; cannot be experienced by one of the 5 senses. Ex: braveryEx: The cow jumped over the moon.
3Verbs Verbs express existence or action. Three types of verbs: Action Verb- Tells what the subject does. Ex: climbsHelping Verb- Helps the main verb express its meaning. Ex: will ride.Linking Verb- Links the subject to a word in the predicate. Ex: isThe prince fought the dragon.My mom has gone to the store.The end is near.
4Adjectives An adjective is a word that modifies a noun or pronoun. Adjectives answer the questions:How many? Seven balloonsWhat kind? A deadly stormWhich one? The worst dayHow much? Plenty of foodEx: During a violent storm, a large boat capsized in the enormous waves.
5AdverbsAn adverb is a word that modifies verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs.Adverbs answer the questions:How? quickly ranWhen? went yesterdayWhere? raining insideTo what extent? carefully crawledEx: He began to study quite early for the test.
6PrepositionsA preposition is a word that shows a relationship between a noun or pronoun and some other word in the sentence.Common prepositions: above, around, beside, during, from, in, through, under, withA prepositional phrase consists of a preposition, its object, and any modifiers of the object.Ex: Robots conduct missions for the space program.The dog ran around the tree.
7PronounsA pronoun is a word that is used in place of a noun or another pronoun.Common pronouns: I, We, You, She, He, It, They, ThisPlural Pronouns: We, You, TheySingular Pronouns: I, You, He, She, ItEx: 1.) Maria was lost. She didn’t panic.2.) I checked the flashlight. It still worked.In example 1 she refers back to Maria.In example 2 it refers back to the flashlight.
8InterjectionsAn interjection is a word or phrase used to express emotion.Common interjections: Hey, Wow, Oops, Oh noInterjections can stand alone or be set off by a comma.Ex: Ouch! That bee stung me!Hey, how do you like my new shoes?
9ConjunctionsA conjunction is a word used to join words or groups of words.Coordinating conjunctions connect words used in the same way. They are remembered as FAN BOYS. For And Nor But Or Yet SoEx: The party ended at 11:00, but I didn’t get home until midnight.The dishwasher and microwave are two inventions that have improved kitchen work.