Nouns name persons, places, things, or ideas. 1. Proper: CAPITAL LETTERS Montana, Sally, United States of America 2. Common: no capital letters state, girl, country 3. Concrete vs. Abstract Concrete: you can touch it Abstract: you can’t Happiness, love, etc.
a word that expresses action, makes a statement, or shows a link between word relationships 1. Linking: make statements OR they express links and relationships Ex. She is a good girl She is my mother 2. Action
words that join words or groups of words 1. Coordinating conjunctions and, or, but, for, & nor 2. Subordinating conjunctions introduce dependent clauses Since I will not be home, Tina will answer the phone. 3. Correlative include pairs like “both/and,” “whether/or,” “either/or,” “neither/nor,” “not/but” and “not only/but also.”
modify verbs Commonly used Adverbs: Here, there, away, up -- tell WHERE Now, then, later, soon, yesterday -- tell WHEN Easily, quietly, slowly, quickly -- tell HOW Never, always, often, seldom -- tell HOW OFTEN Very, almost, too, so, really -- tell TO WHAT EXTENT
"take the place of a noun" 1. Personal: I, me, you, he, him, she, her, it, we, us, they, and them 2. Possessive: my, mine, your, yours, his, her, hers, its, our, ours, their, and theirs 3. Indefinite: anybody, anyone, each, either, none, someone, somebody, both, everyone, no one, neither, many, few, several, and one 4. Interrogative: who, whom, what, which, and whose 5. Demonstrative: this, that, these, and those
Prepositions show relationships between nouns or pronouns and other words in a sentence aboard, about, above, across, after, against, along, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, beyond, by, down, during, except, for, from, in, into, like, of, off, on, over, past, since, through, throughout, to, toward, under, underneath, until, up, upon, with, within, and without
Interjections are exclamatory words that express strong emotion Ouch! That hurt! Great! What a terrific idea!