Presentation on theme: "The Protestant Reformation Raymond B. Temeyer Miami Arts CharterI stole this!!!"— Presentation transcript:
The Protestant Reformation Raymond B. Temeyer Miami Arts CharterI stole this!!!
R. H. Bainton The Reformation of the 16 c Thus, the papacy emerged as something between an Italian city-state and European power, without forgetting at the same time the claim to be the vice- regent of Christ. The Pope often could not make up his mind whether he was the successor of Peter or of Caesar. Such vacillation had much to do with the rise and success of the Protestant Reformation.
Catholic Church in 15 th Century Was uncontested leader of the Western Christian World Not only Spiritual Capital, but also its own country
Idea of a “Universal Religion” Holy Roman Empire Founded 800 AD Charlemagne “Emperor of the Romans” Intended to be “Universal Christian Empire”
Charles V Holy Roman Emperor King of Spain 1516-1556
Catholic Church also had Spiritual problems Babylonian Exile: Church was forced to move to Avignon (in France) – 2 Popes- (1 in Rome, 1 in Avignon) Church corruption: sale of indulgences, pay to have sins forgiven
Renaissance thought Humanism: – stress the potential value and goodness of human beings, – emphasize common human needs, – seek solely rational ways of solving human problems.
Treaty of Westphalia (1648) Same as Treaty of Augsburg More religious toleration
England: Henry VIII Henry VIII: originally, very devout Catholic Wanted a male heir –Was not getting one –Wanted a divorce Divorce not allowed in Catholic Church Wanted more control over Catholic Church in England
Why Henry VIII is not so bad A male heir would stop Civil War (England just finished fighting a Civil War) France had control over their own Church (king picked the bishops) Spain was the one who was against the divorce, not the Catholic Church
Anglican Church Similar to Catholic Church in many ways, EXCEPT king was head, not Pope