Presentation on theme: "The Protestant Reformation Through Maps"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Protestant Reformation Through Maps Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
2 R. H. Bainton The Reformation of the 16c Thus, the papacy emerged as something between an Italian city-state and European power, without forgetting at the same time the claim to be the vice-regent of Christ. The Pope often could not make up his mind whether he was the successor of Peter or of Caesar. Such vacillation had much to do with the rise and success of the Protestant Reformation.
3 Caricature of Pope Alexander VI by Martin Luther, 1545
4 Causes of the Reformation? Church corruptionAvignon PapacyConciliarismMarsilius of Padua Defensor Pacis [Defender of the Peace]Attacked papal authorityThe Christian community is the sum of ALL its parts!Development of personal devotions suspicion of clergyGreed of secular leaders 1/3 of Europe church landPapal need for money indulgencesPrinting Press