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Chapter 12 Section 1. Bell Quiz 1. What problems and benefits did the Huang River bring to the Chinese people? 2. What were the main features of Shang.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 12 Section 1. Bell Quiz 1. What problems and benefits did the Huang River bring to the Chinese people? 2. What were the main features of Shang."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 12 Section 1

2 Bell Quiz 1. What problems and benefits did the Huang River bring to the Chinese people? 2. What were the main features of Shang religious belief? 3. What style of writing did the Shang dynasty create? 4. Explain the government of the Zhou dynasty: 5. Why did the Zhou dynasty fall? 6. Where did China get its name? 7. What 2 Chinese philosophies shunned politics? 8. What is an autocracy? And which dynasty had one? 9. What is a Civil Service system? And which dynasty had one? 10. Explain the significance of the Silk Road in China, and under which dynasty was it used? 11. Which Chinese philosophy believed peace could be achieved through threats and harsh punishments?

3 Answers 1. What problems and benefits did the Huang River bring to the Chinese people? – Problems: Flooding; Benefits: Fertile soil 2. What were the main features of Shang religious belief? – Animism and animal worship; belief in Shandi; Interpretation of Oracle bones 3. What style of writing did the Shang dynasty create? – Calligraphy 4. Explain the government of the Zhou dynasty: – No centeral government but territories were granted to members of the royal family 5. Why did the Zhou dynasty fall? – Warring states 6. Where did China get its name? – The Qin Dynasty 7. What 2 Chinese philosophies shunned politics? – Confucianism; Daoism 8. What is an autocracy? And which dynasty had one? – Emperor has all power; Qin dynasty 9. What is a Civil Service system? And which dynasty had one? – System that runs day to day business of government; Han Dynasty 10. Explain the significance of the Silk Road in China, and under which dynasty was it used? – The silk road created a trade route from China to Europe; Han Dynasty 11. What Chinese philosophy believed that peace could be achieved through threats and harsh punishment? - Legalism

4 Vocabulary Chapter 4 Shang Bureaucracy Animism Calligraphy Zhou Great Wall of China Qin Han Cheng Autocracy Leveling Silk Road Confucianism Daoism Legalism Mahayana Buddhism -(Pg. 92 not highlighted) Geneology

5 Chapter 12 Vocabulary * Must be in your own words *At least 2 sentences - Grand Canal -Empress Wu -Zen Buddhism -Genghis Khan -Kublai Khan -Batu -Golden Horde -Kami -Shinto -Explain Japan’s feudal system ; define and - explain where Shogun’s, Samurai, Daimyo (pg 280), the emperor and the peasants fit into the system: - Bushido

6 Tang Dynasty Defeated invading Turks Extended the China’s land further than ever before High point of Chinese literature Believed in Zen Buddhism – Stressed meditation Declined under weak emperors

7 Sung Dynasty A lot of cultural and artistic progress Had to pay tribute to Mongol invaders in order to avoid war Had a civil service system Many inventions Peasant life changed in 2 ways Wealthy class grew

8 Tang and Sung Pamphlet Tang Dynasty group topics 1. Expansion of Tang 2. Literature under the Tang (Li Bo; Du Fu) 3. Religion in the Tang (Zen Buddhism) 4. decline of Tang leadership Sung Dynasty group topics 1. China under the Sung Dynasty 2. Trade and the arts (porcelain) and Great inventions 3. Sung Civil Service System 4. Peasant life 5. City life Pamphlet requirements: – Each person will create a brochure/pamphlet about their given dynasty Must write about each of the 4 topics listed above and explain how it affected the culture and society of China. Must have pictures, be bright and colorful, have a title cover

9 Tang Dynasty Notes Expansion under the Tang Literature under the Tang – Li Bo – Du Fu Religion under Tang Decline of the Tang

10 Tang Dynasty Expansion under the Tang: – Tang rulers defeated the Turks in order to expand territory – Extended China’s Frontiers further West than ever before – Under Tang rule China was the most powerful and wealthy country in the world Literature under the Tang – Li Bo- Daoist; his poems are light and happy – Du Fu- Counfucist; poems discussed suffering and tradgedy of human life Religion under Tang – Zen Buddhism flourished – Tang Government persecuted Buddhists – Neo- Confucianism Decline of the Tang – Weak rulers – Nomad invaders

11 Sung Dynasty Notes China under the Sung Dynasty Trade and arts Civil service system Great inventions Peasant life City life

12 Sung Dynasty China under the Sung Dynasty – Cultural and artistic progress – Paid tribute to Mongol invaders to avoid war Trade and arts – Foreign trade expanded – Porcelain became biggest export – Landscape paintings Civil service system – Had to pass an test to work in the government Great inventions – Gunpowder – Printing Peasant life – Improvement of farming methods – Harsh taxing City life – Crowded apartments – Hospitals and orphanidges – Wealthy women began wrapping their feet

13 Chapter 12 Section 1 Review Numbers 3a, 3b, and 4 Write 2 paragraphs on number 4- DO NOT write a poem or song (unless you want to)


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