Predict: How will the alliance system lead to war?
Death of an Archduke AArchduke Franz Ferdinand (heir to the Austrian throne) went to Serbia to inspect his troops HHe brought his wife Sophie GGavrilo Princip, a Serbian NATIONALIST who didn’t like Austria Hungary shot both
How does an Archduke lead to a WORLD WAR? Russian army mobilized troops, preparing for war Germany views Russian mobilization as a threat against their ally Austria Hungary Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Austria-Hungary blames Serbia Russia promises to protect Serbia European Alliances Made Triple Alliance Germany, Austria Hungary, Italy Triple Entente England, France, Russia
How does an Archduke lead to a WORLD WAR? Germany decides to make first move and invade neutral country: BELGIUM Great Britain had promised to defend Belgium Great Britain declared war on Germany Germany declares WAR against Russia
Alliances become War POWERS GGermany AAustria-Hungary IItaly EEngland FFrance RRussia Central PowersAllied Powers
How did the death of an Archduke lead to a WORLD war? Collins Type II
Zimmermann Telegram From Germany to Mexico Asked Mexico to threaten the US to stay out of the war OR ELSE! Why would Mexico be better to threaten the US? IF the US declared war on Germany, Mexico would declare war on the US After a German victory in WWI, Mexico would get: Texas, Arizona and New Mexico (land taken by US)
Selective Service Act May 18, 1917 MMen between the ages of 21-30 required to register to be drafted AAfrican American soldiers were segregated BBelieved they would be a threat after war LLatinos went through English training before fighting HHarlem Hell Fighters 191 days
Convoy System Destroyers or cruisers would surround troop- transport ships for protection
Allied Setbacks 1917- Bolsheviks, or Communists, took over Russia. Vladimir Lenin made peace with Germany Now it was a ONE front war
We provided new energy, fresh troops, new money and weapons How did America help win WWI?
Home Front Regulating Food & Fuel: Conserve at home, supply the troops
Schenk V. United States Limits to freedom of speech during war -clear and present danger
All Quiet on the Western Front Why did the soldier dehumanize himself and others? Trench life was horrible Killing others was horrible Watching your friends die, being afraid to die yourself, must be horrible as well Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
We provided fresh troops, not wary from fighting For the first time, the Allies went on the offense Why did Americans help win WWI?
Armistice - peace November 11, 1918: Armistice went into effect Guns fell silent 8.5 MILLION people killed “war to end all wars?” LLate 1918 WWar crippling German economy CCivilians lacked food FFood riots and strikes erupted in Germany RRevolution swept across Austria-Hungary CCentral Powers couldn’t get soldiers to fight AAustria-Hungary signed a peace agreement with allies GGermany surrendered its aircraft, artillery, tanks, U-Boats
Fourteen Points What we demand…is that the world be made fit and safe to live in; and particularly that it be made safe for every peace loving nation which, like our own, wishes to live its own life, determine its own institutions, be assured of justice and fair dealing by the other peoples of the world as against force and selfish aggression
TREATY OF VERSAILLES 9 NEW COUNTRIES: CZECHOSLOVAKIA POLAND YUGOSLAVIA ESTONIA LATVIA LITHUANIA FINLAND HUNGARY IRAQ
IMPACT OF WWI 14 million dead 7 million permanent ly disabled $280 BILLION MMonarchies overthrown: RRussia, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire UUS emerges as world’s leading economic power EEurope lost an entire generation of young men FFrance was destroyed, England in debt GGermany crippled by reparations