Presentation on theme: "November 12, 2010 Why were Americans worried about the security of the U.S.? The Hollywood Ten Alger Hiss Ethel and Julius Rosenburg Homework: Section."— Presentation transcript:
1 November 12, 2010Why were Americans worried about the security of the U.S.?The Hollywood TenAlger HissEthel and Julius RosenburgHomework: Section 4 Worksheet (NOT NOTES)
2 Fear of Communist Influence Height of WWII marked 100,000 American communistsCaused:Loyalty Review BoardHouse of Un-American Activities Committee
3 Loyalty Review BoardAnti-communist Republicans blaming Truman of being softTruman issued Federal Employee Loyalty Program (Loyalty Review Board)Investigate government workers and dismiss those disloyalMembership to “submersive” organizations were grounds for suspicionIndividuals under investigation not allowed to see the evidence against them
4 House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) – investigated communist influence both in the government and with domestics1947 – began focusing on movie industry ‘sneaking’ communist propaganda into films
5 Hollywood TenMost witnesses were friendly as they testified that they did or did not see propaganda in the scripts presented to themTen refused: The Hollywood TenBelieved hearings were unconstitutionalThey were sent to prisonThe blacklist was instituted (condemned certain people for having Communist background)
6 The McCarran ActThe Two Spy Cases :Alger HissThe Rosenbergs
7 Alger HissWhittaker Chambers accused Hiss of spying for the Soviet Unionproduced microfilm of documents that had been typed on Hiss’s TypewriterHiss charged with purgery and was sent to jailNixon gained fame for pursuing such charges
8 Leaking Info to the Soviets September 1949 – Soviets explode an atomic bombAmericans wonder if our secrets of how to create the bomb had been leaked1950 – Klaus Fuchs admitted giving the Soviet Union information about the U.S. bomb which probably inabled the Soviets to develop thier own early
9 The Rosenbergs Ethel and Julius were also implicated by Fuchs They denied the charges and pled the Fifth AmendmentClaimed they were being personally persecuted for being Jewish radicalsWere found guilty of espionage and sentenced to death in 19531997 proved that Julius was a spy but did not give bomb info to the Soviets
10 McCarthy Launches his « Witch Hunt » Senator Joseph McCarthy (Rep.)Ineffective legislatorTo win reelection in 1952, he charged that Communists were taking over the government
11 McCarthyismUnsupported attacks on suspected Communists in the early 1950’sNo evidenceCharged Democratic Party of 20 years treason (allowing communism into our country)Why was he careful in only accusing Senate members?Republicans did little to stop him. Why?
12 McCarthy’s Downfall 1954 – he made accusation against the U.S. Army Televised Senate investigation promptedHis bullying of witnessed alienated the audiences and cost him public support
13 Other Anti-Communist Measures 39 States passed laws making it illegal to advocate the overthrow the governmentCities and towns followed suitLaws were deemed unconstitutional (free speech)Crazy new things out of fear:Loyalty oathsInvestigated everyoneFear to quote the declaration of independence
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