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THE SECOND RED SCARE CH. 15 SECTION 3 The Origins and consequences of McCarthyism, domestic communism, and blacklisting CH. 15 SECTION 3 The Origins and.

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Presentation on theme: "THE SECOND RED SCARE CH. 15 SECTION 3 The Origins and consequences of McCarthyism, domestic communism, and blacklisting CH. 15 SECTION 3 The Origins and."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE SECOND RED SCARE CH. 15 SECTION 3 The Origins and consequences of McCarthyism, domestic communism, and blacklisting CH. 15 SECTION 3 The Origins and consequences of McCarthyism, domestic communism, and blacklisting

2 Containment The U.S. should resist Soviet attempts to expand its power and influence - George Kennan

3 The Growing Fear of Communism Soviet Atomic Weapons In September 1949 Truman announced that the Soviet Union had detonated an atomic bomb. This was a shock to the nation. Truman began to strengthen the nation’s military against a possible Soviet nuclear threat. Soviet Atomic Weapons In September 1949 Truman announced that the Soviet Union had detonated an atomic bomb. This was a shock to the nation. Truman began to strengthen the nation’s military against a possible Soviet nuclear threat. Communist China Communists in China had gained nearly full control of the country. The Nationalist government of Chiang Kai-shek fled to Taiwan China was in the hands of the Communist Party under the leadership of Mao Zedong. Americans worried that China increased the Communist threat to the United States. Communist China Communists in China had gained nearly full control of the country. The Nationalist government of Chiang Kai-shek fled to Taiwan China was in the hands of the Communist Party under the leadership of Mao Zedong. Americans worried that China increased the Communist threat to the United States.

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5 The House Un-American Activities Committee investigated the full range of radical groups in the United States, including Fascists and Communists. Truman created a plan to investigate all federal employees. Those found to be disloyal to the United States were barred from federal employment. The House Un-American Activities Committee investigated the full range of radical groups in the United States, including Fascists and Communists. Truman created a plan to investigate all federal employees. Those found to be disloyal to the United States were barred from federal employment. Communism in the United States

6 Hollywood & the movies

7 THE HOLLYWOOD TEN HUAC investigated communism in the film industry 10 writers and directors were questioned They refused to answer questions They were found guilty of contempt of Congress and sentenced to 1 year in jail They were blacklisted - people refused to hire them. HUAC investigated communism in the film industry 10 writers and directors were questioned They refused to answer questions They were found guilty of contempt of Congress and sentenced to 1 year in jail They were blacklisted - people refused to hire them.

8 The Smith Act The act made it a crime to call for the overthrow of the U.S. government. Truman charged several leaders of the Communist Party in the United States under this act. The leaders were convicted and their convictions were upheld in Dennis v. United States. The McCarran Act This act required Communist organizations to register with the government. It established a special board to investigate Communist involvement. Made it illegal to plan a totalitarian dictatorship Prevented Communists from entering the United States Fighting Communism at Home

9 ALGER HISS U.S. State Department official Former communist spy Whittaker Chambers accuses him of being a spy Rolls of top-secret microfilm found in a hollowed out pumpkin on his farm Convicted of being a spy for the Soviets Testified to HUAC Charged with perjury U.S. State Department official Former communist spy Whittaker Chambers accuses him of being a spy Rolls of top-secret microfilm found in a hollowed out pumpkin on his farm Convicted of being a spy for the Soviets Testified to HUAC Charged with perjury HUAC - Richard Nixon -“Pumpkin Papers” Alger Hiss on trial

10 KLAUS FUCHS German-born nuclear physicist who worked on the Manhattan Project He gave American atomic secrets to the Soviets--including a detailed drawing of “Fat Man” Served 9 year prison sentence--moved to East Germany after German-born nuclear physicist who worked on the Manhattan Project He gave American atomic secrets to the Soviets--including a detailed drawing of “Fat Man” Served 9 year prison sentence--moved to East Germany after

11 ETHEL & JULIUS ROSENBERG American communists convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage Executed in 1953 First civilians in American history to be executed for espionage American communists convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage Executed in 1953 First civilians in American history to be executed for espionage

12 Joseph McCarthy and the Second Red Scare Joseph McCarthy was a senator who claimed that there were 205 known Communists working for the U.S. Department of State. Truman dismissed him as a “ballyhoo artist.” McCarthy succeeded when he made a special effort to defeat Maryland Senator Millard Tydings. Joseph McCarthy was a senator who claimed that there were 205 known Communists working for the U.S. Department of State. Truman dismissed him as a “ballyhoo artist.” McCarthy succeeded when he made a special effort to defeat Maryland Senator Millard Tydings.

13 McCarthyism A political cartoonist dubbed McCarthy’s tactic of spreading fear and making baseless charges “McCarthyism”. McCarthy’s claims were rarely backed up with any evidence, but this didn’t stop him from gaining a reputation as being the nation’s top Communist fighter. McCarthyism spread beyond the Senate into other branches of government, into universities, into labor unions, and into private businesses. A political cartoonist dubbed McCarthy’s tactic of spreading fear and making baseless charges “McCarthyism”. McCarthy’s claims were rarely backed up with any evidence, but this didn’t stop him from gaining a reputation as being the nation’s top Communist fighter. McCarthyism spread beyond the Senate into other branches of government, into universities, into labor unions, and into private businesses.

14 McCarthy Hearings Unsubstantiated accusations Faked photographs Questionable evidence The accused were unable to defend themselves Unsubstantiated accusations Faked photographs Questionable evidence The accused were unable to defend themselves

15 McCarthy’s Fall McCarthy became increasingly wild in his accusations He attacked the U.S. Army, claiming it was protecting communists The Army-McCarthy Hearings were televised and embarrassed McCarthy See It Now and TV broadcaster Edward Murrow attacked McCarthy McCarthy became increasingly wild in his accusations He attacked the U.S. Army, claiming it was protecting communists The Army-McCarthy Hearings were televised and embarrassed McCarthy See It Now and TV broadcaster Edward Murrow attacked McCarthy Edward Murrow


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