Presentation on theme: "U.S. & WWII. REVIEW How did the Great Depression prompt the surge of radical political & economic developments? Discuss the global developments of the."— Presentation transcript:
U.S. & WWII
REVIEW How did the Great Depression prompt the surge of radical political & economic developments? Discuss the global developments of the 1930s (who is doing what? How does WWII officially begin?
AMERICAN ISOLATIONISM Neutrality Act (1935) To keep the U.S. from begin drawn into war like 1917 Quarantine Speech FDR compared the spread of war to disease > have to contain it by working with peace-loving countries
PREPARING FOR WAR Cash-&-Carry Countries could purchase American goods as long as paid cash & picked up in U.S. Election – FDR re-elected although no other President had served 2+ terms
Election of 1940
PREPARATION CONTINUED… Lend-Lease Act Allowed US to send weapons to Britain regardless of ability to pay “Neighbors house on fire” Why Britain?? Atlantic Charter Aug 1941 – FDR & Churchill met secretly Proclaimed shared goals of U.S. & Britain in opposing Hitler & his allies
PEARL HARBOR Dec. 7, 1941 Japanese launch surprise attack at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii U.S. / Japanese tensions high in China, E. Asia > U.S. cut off oil supply Americans react with surprise, shock, fury U.S. at war with Japan > 3 days later, Germany & Italy declare war on U.S.
MOBILIZATION Mobilization Act of assembling troops & supplies Led by Army Chief of Staff: George C. Marshall Propaganda Used to persuade / influence opinions Examples: Buy war bonds, join the military, work in factories, ration, plant victory gardens, support the war effort, anti-enemy
WOMEN IN WWII Military No combat > nurses WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service) WASPS (Women Air Service Pilots) WAC (Women’s Auxiliary Corps) Industry Rosie the Riveter Men left for military > 6.5 million women went to work
INDUSTRY & LABOR Industry Made equipment to supply troops Federal government spent tens of billions of dollars on weapons & supplies after Pearl Harbor Got the U.S. out of the Great Depression. How? FDR set up National War Labor Board Helped settle disputes with labor to continue war effort
SCIENCE IN WWII Manhattan Project Labs in Los Alamos, New Mexico *Most significant project in WWII Top secret American project to build atomic bomb Scientist Robbert Oppenheimer led team
AFRICAN AMERICANS 1 st enlistment in marines & navy commissioned 1 st officers Faced discrimination in military & factories Union leader A. Philip Randolph led protests against discrimination *Tuskegee Airmen – First African Americans to receive training as pilots (segregated unit) fought in Italy
HISPANICS & LATINOS Farm labor demands during WWII > Bracero Program 1942 Gave Mexicans a chance to work temporarily in U.S. Increased ethnic tension Zoot Suit Riots : June 1943 – sailors stationed in LA fought with Mexican American youths (clothing excess)