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U.S. Prepares for War -”Cash and Carry “ policy begins to allow warring nations to buy US arms, as long as they paid cash & transported them in their own.

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Presentation on theme: "U.S. Prepares for War -”Cash and Carry “ policy begins to allow warring nations to buy US arms, as long as they paid cash & transported them in their own."— Presentation transcript:

1 U.S. Prepares for War -”Cash and Carry “ policy begins to allow warring nations to buy US arms, as long as they paid cash & transported them in their own ships -Axis Powers formed J/G/I -Selective Service begins draft process (in case of a 2 front war) -Roosevelt seeks third term & wins -Lend-Lease policy begun to help supply allies-Arsenal of Democracy GB had NO money -Atlantic Charter signed between U.S. and Britain becomes basis for United Nations resembles 14 points of Wilson

2 Hitler’s Mistake -Battle of Britain has stalled -June 1941 Germany attacks Russia -early success but then stalemate -Russian winter sets in and halts advance -Now war is on two fronts

3 U.S. enters the War -U.S. has embargo on Japan for actions of Aggression in the Pacific (J hoped to unit all of East Asia) Japan could not live w/o our Oil.*Defeating J w/o firing a shot -U.S. had warning of a possible Japanese attack somewhere - Early Dec. 7 th, 1941 Pearl Harbor Hawaii is attacked “day that will live in infamy” -U.S. declares war on Japan and then Germany, Italy declare war on U.S. *For 1 ½ hrs, J was barely disturbed by US Guns *Killed 2,400 Americans *wounded 1,178 *Sunk/Damaged 21 HUGE Battleships *Destroyed 300 Aircrafts *More Damaged combined than all WWI

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8 Americans in the Service -millions volunteered and millions more were drafted: Selective Service System Expanded -GI’s went to basic training for 8 weeks -Women’s Auxiliary Corps thousands volunteered- served in Nonbattle/Non Combat positions -Minorities served in segregated units- not allowed combative roles until last year of the war Tuskegee Airmen 1 st all AA Air force, Africa

9 Life on the Home Front= Production Miracle -War Production Board industries were retooled to make war materials ex: automobile plants retooled to produce tanks/planes WWII brought the US out of the Great Depression! -Scientists are mobilized radar, sonar, penicillin, atomic bomb (Manhattan Project) -women stepped into many war materials jobs “Rosie the Riveter” -Entertainment propaganda -newsreels

10 Life on the Home Front -Scientists are mobilized: to bring into the war effort radar, sonar, penicillin, atomic bomb (Manhattan Project) : intensive program to build an atomic bomb in shorter than 3 yrs *Albert Einstein warned against it -women stepped into many war materials jobs “Rosie the Riveter” icon for women in the workforce- propanda -Entertainment propaganda -newsreels

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12 Life on the Home Front -War Production Board industries were retooled to make war materials -Scientists are mobilized radar, sonar, penicillin, atomic bomb (Manhattan Project) -women stepped into many war materials jobs “Rosie the Riveter” -Entertainment propaganda

13 Life on the Home Front -War Production Board industries were retooled to make war materials -Scientists are mobilized radar, sonar, penicillin, atomic bomb (Manhattan Project) -women stepped into many war materials jobs “Rosie the Riveter” -Entertainment propaganda

14 Life on the Home Front -War Production Board industries were retooled to make war materials -Scientists are mobilized radar, sonar, penicillin, atomic bomb (Manhattan Project) -women stepped into many war materials jobs “Rosie the Riveter” -Entertainment propaganda

15 Life on the Home Front -War Production Board industries were retooled to make war materials -Scientists are mobilized radar, sonar, penicillin, atomic bomb (Manhattan Project) -women stepped into many war materials jobs “Rosie the Riveter” -Entertainment propaganda

16 Life on the Home Front -War Production Board industries were retooled to make war materials -Scientists are mobilized radar, sonar, penicillin, atomic bomb (Manhattan Project) -women stepped into many war materials jobs “Rosie the Riveter” -Entertainment propaganda

17 Life on the Home Front -War Production Board industries were retooled to make war materials -Scientists are mobilized radar, sonar, penicillin, atomic bomb (Manhattan Project) -women stepped into many war materials jobs “Rosie the Riveter” -Entertainment propaganda

18 Life on the Home Front -War Production Board industries were retooled to make war materials -Scientists are mobilized radar, sonar, penicillin, atomic bomb (Manhattan Project) -women stepped into many war materials jobs “Rosie the Riveter” -Entertainment propaganda

19 Life on the Home Front -War Production Board industries were retooled to make war materials -Scientists are mobilized radar, sonar, penicillin, atomic bomb (Manhattan Project) -women stepped into many war materials jobs “Rosie the Riveter” -Entertainment propaganda

20 Life on the Home Front -War Production Board industries were retooled to make war materials -Scientists are mobilized radar, sonar, penicillin, atomic bomb (Manhattan Project) -women stepped into many war materials jobs “Rosie the Riveter” -Entertainment propaganda: Hollywood churned out War propaganda films

21 Government Control -Inflation controlled by price freezes -many products rationed to conserve resources :Coupon books to be used for buying such scare items- meat, shoes, coffee gasoline -income taxes increased -War Bonds sold –loaning the Gov’t $ -Japanese Internment Korematsu v. United States discriminatory policy???

22 Government Control -Inflation controlled by price freezes -many products rationed to conserve resources -income taxes increased -War Bonds sold -Japanese Internment Korematsu v. United States discriminatory policy???

23 Government Control -Inflation controlled by price freezes -many products rationed to conserve resources -income taxes increased -War Bonds sold -Japanese Internment Korematsu v. United States discriminatory policy???

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