Presentation on theme: "The US Gets Involved in WWII Was US involvement in World War II inevitable?"— Presentation transcript:
The US Gets Involved in WWII Was US involvement in World War II inevitable?
US wants to remain neutral (isolationist) Problem: Great Britain is alone in fighting Hitler
Neutrality Acts Congress passed a series of laws known as the Neutrality Acts –Purpose was to keep US out of WWII –Forbid US to trade with warring nations 1939 Cash and Carry –Great Britain could have what they wanted if they paid cash and came and got the stuff
Spring 1940 –Destroyers for Bases Deal US gave Great Britain war ships Great Britain gave US naval bases around the world December 1940 –Lend Lease Aid Gave Great Britain whatever they needed Great Britain paid rent on stuff or promised to give it back after the war
Problems with Japan By 1940 Japan had taken control of most of the Pacific region Japan was threatening Great Britain’s colonies in the Pacific US did not want Great Britain to fight a two front war
US Takes Action Against Japan US passes the Export control Act –Embargo against Japan –Would not trade steel or oil with Japan Japan’s Reaction –December 7, 1941 – Bombed Pearl Harbor
Impact of “The Day That Will Live in Infamy” 2,403 Americans killed in surprise attack Almost all of Pacific Fleet was destroyed December 8, US declares war on Japan December 11 th, Germany and Italy declare war on the US
The US Mobilizes for War
How did the War bring about change and innovation on the home front?
Converting the Economy US Workers were twice as productive as German workers and five times as productive as Japanese workers US used cost – plus contracts to guarantee profits for industry Auto industry produced 1/3 of all military goods War Production Board allocated materials to industry
Building an Army Selective Service Act –June 1940 –1 st peacetime draft in American history Military faced equipment shortages at home Not very well trained American Soldiers earn the name “G.I.s”
African American Soldiers Pushed for the “Double V” –Victory over Hitler’s racism and Racism at home Tuskegee Airmen –Broke Many Stereotypes
Women in the Military Barred from Combat Enlistment Slogan –“Release a man for Combat”
Women on the Homefront Filled factory jobs Did “Men’s Work” Permanently changed their role in the workforce
Other Americans Bracero Program –Over 200,000 Mexican farm workers came to America to help supply troops with food Native Americans –Marines used Navajo Indians as “Code Talkers”
Japanese American Internment Camps Removed all Japanese from their homes on the west coast Placed in internment camps for the duration of WWII Fear of spies Korematsu vs US – Internment was legal based on military urgency $20,000 give to each survivor from the Governemnt
Daily Life during the War Federal Government enforced rationing –Used blue and red points –Coupons for goods People planted Victory Gardens Government organized scrap drives Sold bonds to help pay for the war People did what they could to win the war!!!