Presentation on theme: "The US Gets Involved in WWII"— Presentation transcript:
1The US Gets Involved in WWII Was US involvement in World War II inevitable?
2US wants to remain neutral (isolationist) Problem: Great Britain is alone in fighting Hitler
3Neutrality ActsCongress passed a series of laws known as the Neutrality ActsPurpose was to keep US out of WWIIForbid US to trade with warring nations1939 Cash and CarryGreat Britain could have what they wanted if they paid cash and came and got the stuff
4Spring 1940 December 1940 Destroyers for Bases Deal Lend Lease Aid US gave Great Britain war shipsGreat Britain gave US naval bases around the worldDecember 1940Lend Lease AidGave Great Britain whatever they neededGreat Britain paid rent on stuff or promised to give it back after the war
5Problems with JapanBy 1940 Japan had taken control of most of the Pacific regionJapan was threatening Great Britain’s colonies in the PacificUS did not want Great Britain to fight a two front war
6US Takes Action Against Japan US passes the Export control ActEmbargo against JapanWould not trade steel or oil with JapanJapan’s ReactionDecember 7, 1941 – Bombed Pearl Harbor
7Impact of “The Day That Will Live in Infamy” 2,403 Americans killed in surprise attackAlmost all of Pacific Fleet was destroyedDecember 8, US declares war on JapanDecember 11th, Germany and Italy declare war on the US
9How did the War bring about change and innovation on the home front?
10Converting the Economy US Workers were twice as productive as German workers and five times as productive as Japanese workersUS used cost – plus contracts to guarantee profits for industryAuto industry produced 1/3 of all military goodsWar Production Board allocated materials to industry
11Building an Army Selective Service Act June 19401st peacetime draft in American historyMilitary faced equipment shortages at homeNot very well trainedAmerican Soldiers earn the name “G.I.s”
12African American Soldiers Pushed for the “Double V”Victory over Hitler’s racism and Racism at homeTuskegee AirmenBroke Many Stereotypes
13Women in the Military Barred from Combat Enlistment Slogan “Release a man for Combat”
14Women on the Homefront Filled factory jobs Did “Men’s Work” Permanently changed their role in the workforce
15Other Americans Bracero Program Native Americans Over 200,000 Mexican farm workers came to America to help supply troops with foodNative AmericansMarines used Navajo Indians as “Code Talkers”
16Japanese American Internment Camps Removed all Japanese from their homes on the west coastPlaced in internment camps for the duration of WWIIFear of spiesKorematsu vs US – Internment was legal based on military urgency$20,000 give to each survivor from the Governemnt
17Daily Life during the War Federal Government enforced rationingUsed blue and red pointsCoupons for goodsPeople planted Victory GardensGovernment organized scrap drivesSold bonds to help pay for the warPeople did what they could to win the war!!!