Presentation on theme: "How can the United States use its resources to achieve victory?"— Presentation transcript:
1 How can the United States use its resources to achieve victory? World War IIHow can the United States use its resources to achieve victory?
2 The World goes to war…War breaks out in Europe in1939 after Germany invaded Poland—both Britain & France declared war.Hitler imposes his “Final Solution” on the Jewish population in EuropeMore alliances are made—Tripartite Pact: Germany, Italy, & Japan
3 America Moves Toward War President Roosevelt gave aid in the way of supplies to the Allied countries (Britain, China – later Soviet Union) using the Lend-Lease Act in 1941.Allied countries could be loaned, sold, traded, or leased supplies to be repaid “in kind or property”FDR helped gain public support by offering the analogy of a neighbor’s house being on fire: “If your neighbor’s house is on fire, you don’t sell him a hose, you give it to him. Then you take it back after the fire is out. This helps your neighbor & makes sure that the fire doesn’t spread to your own house.”
4 Pearl HarborDecember 7, 1941Attack on American naval base at Pearl Harbor in HawaiiMore than 2,300 people were killed“A date which will live in infamy”U.S. declared war on Japan on Dec. 8, 1941The cause of isolationism was gone; former isolationists now supported an all-out American effort.“The only thing now to do is to lick the hell out of them.” (US Senator)
5 On the HomefrontMany young men left home to fight the war in Europe—once again, women were left to take their place in the workforceMore women joined the military; some 350,000 served in WWIIWAC (Women’s Army Corps)Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES)
6 Homefront SacrificesAs industry tooled for war, Americans experienced shortages in consumer goods.Government-issued ration books limited the amount of sugar, meat, gasoline, & other goods that people could purchase.Americans were encouraged to purchase war bonds to help finance the war.Victory Gardens became very popular
7 Fight for Civil Rights Continues… Throughout the war, the US remained segregated in both civilian & military life.Once again, blacks moved from the South to the industrialized North to find employment.To fight discrimination against African Americans in the workplace, A. Philip Randolph, the nation’s most respected African American labor leader, organized a march to occur at the capital.“We Loyal Colored Americans Demand the Right to Work and Fight for Our Country”Fearing a protest of 100,000+ people, FDR backed down & reluctantly signed the Executive Order 8802 in 1941 which called on all employers & labor unions “to provide for the full and equitable participation of all workers in defense industries, without discrimination because of race, creed, color, or national origin.”
8 The Manhattan ProjectIn the early 1940s, the US launched the secret $2 billion Manhattan Project, centered at Los Alamos, New Mexico, but had about 37 other locations.Goal: to develop an atomic bomb.President Harry Truman knew the battle against Japan would be very difficult, thus he approved the use of the atomic bomb.
10 Reactions to WarThe Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor fueled suspicion & fear among AmericansMany supported that the Japanese, German, & Italian Americans would end up supporting the Axis PowersAs a result, thousands of such citizens were forced to relocate to internment camps.They tended to be located in remote areas and were meant to keep potentially threatening citizens in an isolated location where the government could keep an eye on them.
11 Discrimination during War time FDR ordered the evacuation of more than 100,000 Japanese from their homes—even though many were US citizens whose families had lived in the US for generationsIn 1944, the US Supreme Court ruled that the internment was lawful and justified due to “…the military urgency of the situation.”1983: the US government formally recognized the injustice and authorized payments of $20,000 to each Japanese American who had suffered.
12 Practice QuestionsIn what way did the Lend-Lease Act provide a compromise between the will of the president and the belief of many in Congress?A) It allowed assistance to friendly nations without the US directly participating in warB) it limited American involvement in European affairs by only providing advisors to friendly nationsC) it curtailed the sale of supplies to all nations involved in conflictD) It assisted Great Britain’s efforts against Germany but did not offer help to other nations
13 Practice QuestionsWhat was the result of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941?A) the US renewed the Neutrality ActsB) the US declared war on JapanC) Congress overwhelmingly voted against a declaration of warD) Germany declared war on the US
14 1) What persuasive images & slogans are featured in this poster? 2) To what emotions does this poster appeal?3) Before the attack on Pearl Harbor, the US was determined to stay out of the war & remain neutral. In what ways does this poster attempt to chance public opinion?
15 4) Is there any difference between the Pearl Harbor poster and this cartoon that came out after the attacks on September 11th?