Presentation on theme: "Aim: How did political life in Sparta differ from Athens?"— Presentation transcript:
1Aim: How did political life in Sparta differ from Athens? Do Now: Copy the vocabulary into your notebook:*Citizen- member of a state or nation*Oligarchy- Type of government where power lies in the hands of a few people*Democracy-Political power lies in the hands of the people or citizens*Totalitarian-Dictatorship*Rhetoric-Public debate*Assembly- law making group
2MotivationStudents will read documents 1 and 2 and answer the questions that follow
3Bonus / Extra CreditIf you complete the “Create your own City-State” worksheet activity, it may be used for extra credit or to replace a missing assignment/homework.
4Group work Students will work in pairs One students will read the section on Athens and fill out the graphic organizerOne student will read the section on Sparta and fill out the graphic organizerAfter both students are finished, they will then compare their findings
5AthensDemocratic Athens (450 BC) Athens had a system of government in which every citizen could participate in government directly, by voting on issues brought before them (DEMOCRACY)Only a small minority were citizens – women and slaves were not considered citizensAthens establishes the pattern for later Western democraciesThe Age of Pericles, the Golden Age of Athens
6SpartaTotalitarian Sparta – all parts of life: economic, social, political, religious, and educational are controlled by the stateLife was organized around military needs = militaristic stateMilitary strength and rule by just a few people, land owners and nobility = aristocracyThe majority of Spartans had no say in the governmentIndividualism and new ideas were discouragedDid not promote individual freedom in the arts and sciences and thus it had little impact on western European historyWeak infants were left to die