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Презентация на тему: “Modal and Auxiliary Verbs”.

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Presentation on theme: "Презентация на тему: “Modal and Auxiliary Verbs”."— Presentation transcript:

1 Презентация на тему: “Modal and Auxiliary Verbs”

2 Презентация на тему: “Modal and Auxiliary Verbs”

3 Welcome to Modal and Auxiliary Verbs!

4 is expression of speaker's attitude to what his utterance denotes. Modality is expression of speaker's attitude to what his utterance denotes. Modal verbs have some peculiarities : We can't use them as "to"-infinitives: to go, to speak. We can't use them as "to"-infinitives: to go, to speak. We don' t use the "to"-infinitives after modals: We don' t use the "to"-infinitives after modals: E.g. You mustn't phone now. It's late. E.g. You mustn't phone now. It's late. There is nо - (e)s in the 3rd person singular: There is nо - (e)s in the 3rd person singular: E.g. The boss can see you now. E.g. The boss can see you now.

5 Use We use modal and auxiliary verbs: To make short answers. E.g. You can take it. E.g. You can take it. To make questions. E.g. May I go to the club? E.g. May I go to the club?

6 Use of Can We use "can" to: We use "can" to: - talk about ability (what is possible, what we are able or free to do): E.g. She can drive a car. E.g. She can drive a car. - make requests E.g. Can you make a cup of coffee, please? E.g. Can you make a cup of coffee, please? - ask for or give permission - Can I smoke in this room? - Can I smoke in this room? - You can't smoke here, but you can smoke in the garden. - You can't smoke here, but you can smoke in the garden.

7 Use of Could We use "could" to: talk about talk about past ability E.g. When we arrived home, we could not open the door. E.g. When we arrived home, we could not open the door. make make requests E.g. Could you tell me where the bank is, please? E.g. Could you tell me where the bank is, please? ask for or give permission E.g. Could my friends come to stay next weekend?

8 Use of May, Might We use “may, might" for: possibility E.g. Jack may get upset if you don't tell him the truth. E.g. Jack may get upset if you don't tell him the truth. We use “may" for: permission E.g. E.g. You may leave the table when you finish your dinner.

9 Use of Must We use “must" for: personal obligation. E.g. He must work harder. logical conclusion E.g. There's the doorbell. It must be Roger.

10 Use of Mustn’t We use “mustn’t" for: Prohibition E.g. You mustn't open this parcel before Christmas Day. (It is necessary that you do not do it (so, don't do it). Obligation E.g. I mustn’t forget this date.

11 Use of Have to We use ‘have to’ for ‘You have to do something’ because of a rule or the situation Necessity. ‘You have to do something’ because of a rule or the situation E.g. You can't turn right here. You have to turn left. ( Because of the traffic system ) (usually from someone else) Obligation (usually from someone else) E.g. I have to be at home by 8. My mum said so. E.g. I have to be at home by 8. My mum said so.

12 Use of don’t have to We use ‘have to’ for: Lack of necessity E.g. You don't have to tell me. (= you don't need to tell me)

13 Final conclusion CanCouldMayMightMust Mustn’ t Have to Don’t have to AbilityAbility Reque stsReque sts Permis sionPermis sion Possi bilityPossi bility Per missi onPer missi on Pos sibil ityPos sibil ity Perso nal obliga tionPerso nal obliga tion Logic al concl usionLogic al concl usion Prohi bitionProhi bition Oblig ationOblig ation Nece ssityNece ssity Oblig ationOblig ation Lack of neces sityLack of neces sity

14 Let’s train!

15 Explain the meanings of the modal verbs in the following sentences 1. We can discuss it now, clause by clause. 2. In the dimness of the room I could not see him very well. 3. Could you bring me some paper, please, to write my note on? 4. Of course I’m too young to be a really good writer yet, but I try hard, and one day I may achieve something. 5. “Then may I send Kate to you?” “But of course.” 6. “Might I look round?” he asked. 7. You must give it back to me before you go. 8. She mustn’t go home alone. 9. You must change your shoes. I won’t have you in here with muddy feet. 10. What do you have to do to earn so much money?” Barber asked.

16 11. You have to put your entry into the box before Friday if you want to enter the contest. 12. You don’t have to work here all day. 13. They look alike. They must be twins. 14. Nobody may leave the hall before the exam has finished. 15. It was so quiet that one might hear a leaf drop. 16. Jane has got two books so she can read any of them. 17. They didn’t have any shampoo so they couldn’t wash their hair. 18. You can’t enter the club without a card. 19. You mustn’t worry. Everything is all right. 20. To my mind, the government must take care of old people.

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18 How many modals do Tip and Slip use? Which modal is used to ask for permission? I’m Tim I’m Slim

19 Complete the sentences with must be or can’t be and explain why You hungry. You have lunch an hour ago. lunch an hour ago. Can’t be Peter tired. He has been hunting since morning Must be The pass mark for the exam %. It says 60% here Can’t be

20 Obeying signs What do these signs mean? Where might you see them? What might happen if people do not take any notice of the signs ? Here are some ideas to help you go to prison pay a fine spill something have an accident start a fire get injured

21 The missing modal Complete each sentence with a suitable modal. There may be more than one correct answer. I go round and see Sue. I haven't seen her for ages. 2You smoke in the library. 3Paul------drive a car so he is having lessons. 4We went out last night because we do any homework. 5The phone is ringing. It be my mother you open the window, please? 7We------go to the party if we don't want to. The missing modal Complete each sentence with a suitable modal. There may be more than one correct answer. I go round and see Sue. I haven't seen her for ages. 2You smoke in the library. 3Paul------drive a car so he is having lessons. 4We went out last night because we do any homework. 5The phone is ringing. It be my mother you open the window, please? 7We------go to the party if we don't want to. 1 TEST WORK


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