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PAST TENSES EMİNE CEYHAN ERCİYES UNIVERSITY 1090620040.

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Presentation on theme: "PAST TENSES EMİNE CEYHAN ERCİYES UNIVERSITY 1090620040."— Presentation transcript:

1 PAST TENSES EMİNE CEYHAN ERCİYES UNIVERSITY

2 PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE PAST SİMPLE TENSE PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE PAST PERFECT TENSE

3 SIMPLE PAST TENSE 1) For certain past events with a certain time 1) For certain past events with a certain time Time expressions: Time expressions: Last night/week, ….. ago, 1985, last friday, Last night/week, ….. ago, 1985, last friday, last june, recently (a short time ago), yesterday (the other day), this morning/season/year last june, recently (a short time ago), yesterday (the other day), this morning/season/year

4 E.g. E.g. I studied hard last night. I studied hard last night. I did not watch Tv at all. I did not watch Tv at all.

5 2) With other past tenses 2) With other past tenses Past continuous tense, past perfect tense, past perfect continuous, present perfect tense + since Past continuous tense, past perfect tense, past perfect continuous, present perfect tense + since

6 TIME CONJUCTIONS (LINKING WORDS) When, by the time, after, before, until/till, as soon as, while, since, no sooner than, hardly/scarcely/barely when When, by the time, after, before, until/till, as soon as, while, since, no sooner than, hardly/scarcely/barely when

7 WHEN When + simple past > Simple past When + simple past > Simple past When I went out, I saw him., When I went out, I saw him., When + simple past > Past continuous When + simple past > Past continuous When I came into the class, the students were discussing. When I came into the class, the students were discussing. When + simple past > Past perfect When + simple past > Past perfect When I came into the office, he had left. When I came into the office, he had left.

8 When + simple past > Past perfect continuous When + simple past > Past perfect continuous When I came home, they ahd been sleeping. When I came home, they ahd been sleeping. When + past perfect > Simpe past When + past perfect > Simpe past When they had finished their homework, they went out. When they had finished their homework, they went out.

9 Note: Reduction> The subject must be the same. Note: Reduction> The subject must be the same. When (I) got home, (I) ate something. When (I) got home, (I) ate something. >Reduction is possible. >Reduction is possible. When (she) finished her essays, (I) checked her mistakes. When (she) finished her essays, (I) checked her mistakes. >No reduction. >No reduction.

10 In active sentences, we use ‘gerund’ in reduction. In active sentences, we use ‘gerund’ in reduction. When she finished the letter, she posted it. When she finished the letter, she posted it. When finishing the letter, she posted it. When finishing the letter, she posted it.

11 In passive sentences, we use ‘V3’ in reduction. In passive sentences, we use ‘V3’ in reduction. When it is diagnosed at on cancer stage, cancer is not serious. When it is diagnosed at on cancer stage, cancer is not serious. When diagnosed at on cancer stage, cancer is not very serious. When diagnosed at on cancer stage, cancer is not very serious.

12 Note: Alternatives to when> while Note: Alternatives to when> while When she was in privary school, she was very hardworking. When she was in privary school, she was very hardworking. While she was in privary school,……… While she was in privary school,……… While in privary school, she was very hardworking. While in privary school, she was very hardworking.

13 Reduction: If the sentence is in active form, they use ‘gerund’. Reduction: If the sentence is in active form, they use ‘gerund’. While he was having breakfast, he was reading newspaper. While he was having breakfast, he was reading newspaper. While having breakfast, he was reading newspaper. While having breakfast, he was reading newspaper.

14 If the sentence is passive form, we use ‘being +V3/V3’. If the sentence is passive form, we use ‘being +V3/V3’. While she was being given an operation, she had some problems. While she was being given an operation, she had some problems. While being given an operation, …………… While being given an operation, …………… While given an operation, …………………. While given an operation, ………………….

15 AFTER After + simple past > Simple past After + simple past > Simple past After she ate dinner, she went out. After she ate dinner, she went out. After + past perfect > Simple past After + past perfect > Simple past After I washed my hands, I ate my lunch. After I washed my hands, I ate my lunch.

16 BEFORE Before + simple past > simple past Before + simple past > simple past Before I went to bed, I had brushed my teeth. Before I went to bed, I had brushed my teeth. Before + simple past > Past perfect Before + simple past > Past perfect Before I went to bed, I had brushed my teeth. Before I went to bed, I had brushed my teeth.

17 AS SOON AS As soon as + simple past/past perfect > Simple past As soon as + simple past/past perfect > Simple past As soon as she got home, she phoned me. As soon as she got home, she phoned me. As soon as he had finished this homework, he turned on Tv. As soon as he had finished this homework, he turned on Tv.

18 BY THE TIME By the time + simple past >past perfect/past perfect continuous By the time + simple past >past perfect/past perfect continuous past continuous + already past continuous + already simple past ( only for to be ) simple past ( only for to be )

19 By the time I got home, the film had finished. By the time I got home, the film had finished. By the time I got home, my sister had been sleeping. By the time I got home, my sister had been sleeping. By the time I got home, my sister was already sleeping. By the time I got home, my sister was already sleeping. By the time I got home, the film was over. By the time I got home, the film was over.

20 Until/Till Until + simple past > Simple past Until + simple past > Simple past Until I got there, the police looked after my nephew. Until I got there, the police looked after my nephew. Until + past perfect > Simple past Until + past perfect > Simple past Until he had finished his job, we waited for him. Until he had finished his job, we waited for him.

21 NO SOONER _____ THAN No sooner Past perfect than Simple past No sooner Past perfect than Simple past No sooner had the small child stopped crying than he came. No sooner had the small child stopped crying than he came. No sooner had I received a letter from him than he came. No sooner had I received a letter from him than he came. I had no sooner received a letter from him than he came. I had no sooner received a letter from him than he came.

22 HARDLY_____ WHEN Hardly Past perfect when Simple past Hardly Past perfect when Simple past Hardly had I bought a present for her when she gave me a present. Hardly had I bought a present for her when she gave me a present. (Inversion is not necessary when ‘hardly’ is used in sentences.) (Inversion is not necessary when ‘hardly’ is used in sentences.)

23 PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE 1) It happens in the past and it consists of a period of time. 1) It happens in the past and it consists of a period of time. When + simple past/past continuous> Past continuous/past tense When + simple past/past continuous> Past continuous/past tense While + simple past/past continuous > Past continuous While + simple past/past continuous > Past continuous By the time + simple past > Past continuous+already By the time + simple past > Past continuous+already

24 PAST PERFECT TENSE When + past perfect > Simple past When + past perfect > Simple past When + simple past > Past perfect When + simple past > Past perfect After + simple past/past perfect > Simple past After + simple past/past perfect > Simple past Before + Simple past > Past perfect/Simple past Before + Simple past > Past perfect/Simple past Until + simple past/past perfect > Simple past Until + simple past/past perfect > Simple past

25 As soon as + simple past/past perfect > Simple past As soon as + simple past/past perfect > Simple past By the time + simple past > Past perfect By the time + simple past > Past perfect No sooner Past perfect than Past simple No sooner Past perfect than Past simple Hardly Past perfect when Past simple Hardly Past perfect when Past simple

26 PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE When I looked out, it had been snowing. When I looked out, it had been snowing. There was 50cm snow on the ground. There was 50cm snow on the ground. When I got there, he had been lying on the ground for a long time. When I got there, he had been lying on the ground for a long time. When I got there, he was lying on the ground. When I got there, he was lying on the ground. >First sentence is not past but other second is past.

27 THANKS THANKS FOR ATTENTION FOR ATTENTION


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