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www.mawazinepress.com The Past Perfect The Past Perfect.

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2 The Past Perfect The Past Perfect

3 I had eaten my breakfast before I went to school.

4 had eaten  I had eaten breakfast before I went to school.

5 How do we use the Past Perfect Tense?  The past perfectpast pastpast in the past  The past perfect tense expresses action in the past before another action in the past. This is the past in the past. EXAMPLE :  The train left at 9am. We arrived at 9.15am. When we arrived, the train had left.

6 The Past Perfect The Titanic had received many warnings before it hit the iceberg. I had already eaten when my friend stopped by to visit. had received had eaten it hit my friend stopped by

7  To talk about a past action that ended before another action or time in the past, we use before and after. We use the simple past too. The film had started before we arrived  We also use the past perfect to show the cause of a past action I was tired on Monday because I hadn’t slept well the night before when, after, before, as soon as, by the time, by until  With time expressions such as when, after, before, as soon as, by the time, by and until By the time I got home, my mother had already prepared dinner

8 Simple Past Tense Past Perfect Tense He came to my house. Chapter 11 I had already left. He came to my house after I had already left.

9 Simple Past Tense Past Perfect Chapter 11 He came to my house after I had already left. This action takes place farther back in the past.

10 Simple Past Tense Past Perfect He came to my house. Chapter 11 I had already left. He came to my house after I had already left.

11 Look at this example.. he made a telephone call After he had taken his music lesson, he made a telephone call

12 What had Ali done before he went fishing ? before he went fishing. Ali had repaired his car before he went fishing.

13 The key words of this tense are: after as soon as, Past simple {had+PP}

14 The key words of this tense are: before By the time {past simple}+ Had+PP

15 Make similar sentences using after and before. Finish work-watch TV After I had finished work, I watched TV Before I watched TV, I had finished my work.

16 Make similar sentences using by the time and as soon as Eat breakfast-go to school By the time I went to school,I had eaten my breakfast. As soon as I had eaten my breakfast, I went to school

17 Make similar sentences using by the time and as soon as Police arrive-thief escape By the time the police arrived, the thief had escaped. As soon as the thief had escaped, the police arrived.

18 So it is correct to say: After he had finished the meeting, he made a telephone call. Before he made a telephone call, he had finished the meeting.

19 The structure of the past perfect tense is: subject auxiliary verb main verb +Ihad finished my work. +Youhad stopped before me. -Shehadnotgone to school. -Wehadnotleft. ?Hadyou arrived? ?Hadthey eatendinner?

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