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Swine Management. Characteristics of swine  Pigs are Homeotherms  Maintain a constant body temperature  Pigs are Monogastrics  Pigs have very few.

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Presentation on theme: "Swine Management. Characteristics of swine  Pigs are Homeotherms  Maintain a constant body temperature  Pigs are Monogastrics  Pigs have very few."— Presentation transcript:

1 Swine Management

2 Characteristics of swine  Pigs are Homeotherms  Maintain a constant body temperature  Pigs are Monogastrics  Pigs have very few sweat glands

3 Housing  Types of houses  Outside pen  A- frame houses  Open front buildings  Environmentally regulated buildings

4 Housing

5 Housing

6 Reproduction  Natural  AI  Heat period averages 2 days and occurs every days  Can synchronize gilts by putting them together and in a pen next to a boar  Lock up when in heat (Lordosis)

7 Reproduction

8 Reproduction  Boar penis is corkscrewed  AI rod has to be corkscrewed as well  Boar semen cannot be frozen  Shipped fresh overnight  2 doses of semen are administered  24 hours after 1 st incidence of standing heat  12 hours later  Done because pigs are superovulaters

9 Farrowing  Farrowing – the act of parturition  Gestation period- 114 days (3X3X3)  Put into farrowing crates few days before expected parturition  Sow’s can have any number of babies  Wean at 21 days  Pigs are very susceptible to disease  Many farms are total confinment

10 Farrowing Crates  Used to protect the baby pigs from being crushed by the sow  Sow is confined in the middle so that she can’t turn around  Equipped with feeder and watering device  Space on both sides of the sow for babies  Use a heat lamp to keep babies warm

11 Farrowing Crates

12 Navel Cord Care  After birth excess navel cord is removed  Leave about 1 inch  Treat navel cord with iodine  Why?  Prevent infection

13 Navel Cord Care

14 Clipping needle teeth  Born with only eight teeth  Fairly long and sharp  Can irritate the sow while nursing  Can remove these teeth to make more comfortable for the sow  We don’t clip

15 Clipping needle teeth

16 Tail Docking  Pigs are normally in a confined space  Chew on others tail  Done out of boredom  To prevent tail biting and the possibility of infection, tails are docked  Dock were tail can barely touch the pigs back

17 Tail Docking

18 Injections  3 types of injections  Subcutaneous  Intramuscular  Intravenous  Two sites to give an injection  Neck  Ham

19 Injections

20 Injections

21 Injections

22 Injections  Iron is administered about 24 hours after birth  1 cc of iron  Since pigs are in a create and don’t have access to soil, iron- deficiency anemia can occur  Some people give a small dose of antibiotic  Give the sow penicillin

23 Ear Notching  Most used identification method for baby pigs  Removing a portion of the ear  The notches grow as the pig grows  Permanent identification  Litter # and Pig #  Litter # - the pigs right ear  Pig # - the pigs left eat

24 Ear Notching  Litter #  Number of litter for the whole farm  Not for individual sow  Pig #  Individual number for the baby pig  Has nothing to do with the rest of the farm

25 Ear Notching

26

27

28 Castration  Removal of the testicles  Pigs are castrated if meant for slaughter  Meat from boars may have an odor when cooking  Takes testosterone out of the system, which makes meat tough

29 Castration  Best time for castration is between 1 and 14 days  Pigs are easier to restrain  Bleed less from the surgery  One person holds the pig by the back legs and the other person does the castrating  Make small incisions  Make sure to use some type of antiseptic spray

30 Castration

31 Castration

32 Castration

33 Castration

34 Parasites  Coccidia  Affects nursing pigs between days 5 and 15  Develop a yellowish, very fluid diarrhea  Infected pigs do not respond well to antibiotic treatment  Mortality rates will be moderate to high

35 Parasites  Worms  Roundworms  Nodular worms  Whipworms  Threadworms  Stomach worms  Lungworms  Kidney worms  Doesn’t occur much in baby pigs

36 Weaning  Baby pigs are weaned at 21 days  Put in a nursery for a few weeks  Until pigs are 40 – 45 lbs  Moved to other pens for growing and finishing


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