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Swine Management.

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Presentation on theme: "Swine Management."— Presentation transcript:

1 Swine Management

2 Characteristics of swine
Pigs are Homeotherms Maintain a constant body temperature Pigs are Monogastrics Pigs have very few sweat glands

3 Housing Types of houses Outside pen A- frame houses
Open front buildings Environmentally regulated buildings

4 Housing

5 Housing

6 Reproduction Natural AI
Heat period averages 2 days and occurs every days Can synchronize gilts by putting them together and in a pen next to a boar Lock up when in heat (Lordosis)

7 Reproduction

8 Reproduction Boar penis is corkscrewed
AI rod has to be corkscrewed as well Boar semen cannot be frozen Shipped fresh overnight 2 doses of semen are administered 24 hours after 1st incidence of standing heat 12 hours later Done because pigs are superovulaters

9 Farrowing Farrowing – the act of parturition
Gestation period- 114 days (3X3X3) Put into farrowing crates few days before expected parturition Sow’s can have any number of babies Wean at 21 days Pigs are very susceptible to disease Many farms are total confinment

10 Farrowing Crates Used to protect the baby pigs from being crushed by the sow Sow is confined in the middle so that she can’t turn around Equipped with feeder and watering device Space on both sides of the sow for babies Use a heat lamp to keep babies warm

11 Farrowing Crates

12 Navel Cord Care After birth excess navel cord is removed
Leave about 1 inch Treat navel cord with iodine Why? Prevent infection

13 Navel Cord Care

14 Clipping needle teeth Born with only eight teeth
Fairly long and sharp Can irritate the sow while nursing Can remove these teeth to make more comfortable for the sow We don’t clip

15 Clipping needle teeth

16 Tail Docking Pigs are normally in a confined space
Chew on others tail Done out of boredom To prevent tail biting and the possibility of infection, tails are docked Dock were tail can barely touch the pigs back

17 Tail Docking

18 Injections 3 types of injections Two sites to give an injection
Subcutaneous Intramuscular Intravenous Two sites to give an injection Neck Ham

19 Injections

20 Injections

21 Injections

22 Injections Iron is administered about 24 hours after birth
1 cc of iron Since pigs are in a create and don’t have access to soil, iron- deficiency anemia can occur Some people give a small dose of antibiotic Give the sow penicillin

23 Ear Notching Most used identification method for baby pigs
Removing a portion of the ear The notches grow as the pig grows Permanent identification Litter # and Pig # Litter # - the pigs right ear Pig # - the pigs left eat

24 Ear Notching Litter # Pig # Number of litter for the whole farm
Not for individual sow Pig # Individual number for the baby pig Has nothing to do with the rest of the farm

25 Ear Notching

26 Ear Notching

27 Ear Notching

28 Castration Removal of the testicles
Pigs are castrated if meant for slaughter Meat from boars may have an odor when cooking Takes testosterone out of the system, which makes meat tough

29 Castration Best time for castration is between 1 and 14 days
Pigs are easier to restrain Bleed less from the surgery One person holds the pig by the back legs and the other person does the castrating Make small incisions Make sure to use some type of antiseptic spray

30 Castration

31 Castration

32 Castration

33 Castration

34 Parasites Coccidia Affects nursing pigs between days 5 and 15 Develop a yellowish, very fluid diarrhea Infected pigs do not respond well to antibiotic treatment Mortality rates will be moderate to high

35 Parasites Worms Doesn’t occur much in baby pigs Roundworms
Nodular worms Whipworms Threadworms Stomach worms Lungworms Kidney worms Doesn’t occur much in baby pigs

36 Weaning Baby pigs are weaned at 21 days
Put in a nursery for a few weeks Until pigs are 40 – 45 lbs Moved to other pens for growing and finishing

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