Presentation on theme: "Tourism Revision -We will revise the main points in the Tourism Topic"— Presentation transcript:
1Tourism Revision -We will revise the main points in the Tourism Topic -We will know how to use questions as part of our revision
2Knowledge Check List Reasons for global increase in tourism Potential of cities, mountains and coasts for tourism developmentEconomic importance of tourism to contrasting parts of the worldContribution of tourism to the UK economyImpact of external factors on visitor numbers to the UKTourist area/ resort life cycle modelThe meaning of mass tourismThe positives and negatives of mass tourismStrategies for maintaining tourism and reducing the impacts of itThe attraction of extreme environmentsThe impact of tourism on extreme environmentsThe need for stewardship and conservationHow tourism can help sustainable development
4Growth in Tourism Why is tourism growing? 1) 2) 3) 4) 1) 2) 3) Why are some areas getting more popular?1) 2) 3) 4)1) 2) 3)
5Growth in Tourism Why is tourism growing? Why are some areas getting more popular?1) More disposable income around the globe 2) More paid holiday / holiday entitlement 3) Travel is cheaper / Technology is better 4) Holiday Providers and range of holiday destinations up 5) Media / TV1) Improvement in transport 2) Better marketing 3) Improved infrastructure
6What’s the attraction? Type Coast/ City/ Mountains Attractions Examples
7What’s the attraction? Type Coast/ City/ Mountains CITY MOUTAINS COSTALAttractionsCULTUREENTERTAINMENTSHOPPINGSCENERYWALKINGCLIMBINGSKIINGSNOW BOARDINGSWIMMINGSNORKELLINGFISHINGWATER SPORTSSEA SIDE RESORTSExamplesLONDON, NEW YORK, PARIS, ROMEALPS, ROCKIESCARRIBEANTHAILAND
8Theory- Importance of Tourism Creates jobs for local people which helps the economy growIncrease the income of businesses that supply tourismImportant to rich and poor countries in bringing in money and jobsPoorer countries are more dependent on tourism (UK 3% of GNP Vs 15% of Kenya)
9Questions...Give two reasons why tourism is an important economic activity (2 marks).__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Contrast the economic importance of tourism in rich and poor countries (2 marks).
10UK Tourism Churches, Cathedrals & Castles Countryside and Historic LandmarksUK Tourism£114 billion into UK economy& 1.4 million jobsHalf of visitors to UK go to London
11Explain why the UK is a popular tourist destination. (4 marks) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Key Ideas: -Transport links & infrastructure -Attractions -Marketing
12Explain the factors that lead to increasing and decreasing tourism in the UK Cheap package flights to the Mediterranean since 1970 allowed UK working classes the chance of guaranteed hot sunny weather.Higher expectations by the paying public.Traditional bucket and spade holidays lose their fashionable appeal.Longer holidays allow fortnight bookings, encouraging overseas holidays.Lack of investment from local authorities causes the infrastructure to become run-down eg flaky paintwork and graffiti – discouraging future visits.
13Annotate the Butler Life Cycle Model TimeKey Ideas:Exploration, involvement, development, consolidation, stagnation, rejuvenation, decline
14UK Case Study: Blackpool Stages:1860s – seaside becomes fashionable for the affluent/wealthy as railways make coastal resorts accessible.1890s – Day trippers include factory workers helped with bank holiday excursion trains.1920s – One week factory holidays increases the tourists/staying visitors.1950s – increased paid holidays with a post-war economic boom.1970s – decline due mainly to overseas package tours.1980s – resort either:-declines eg Herne bay;rejuvenates itself eg BlackpoolUncovers niche market eg oyster festival at Whitstable
15UK Case Study: Blackpool To counter the Mediterranean competition Blackpool now:-Offers wet weather facilities such as indoor swimming pools,Extended the ‘illuminations’ season through until November,Diversified with year round activities such as Business Conferences,Built a range of night clubs to successfully tap into the ‘stag-do-hen-party’ market,Expanded the range of rides such as the rollercoaster.
16UK Case Study: Blackpool Voted UK’s favourite seaside resortWinter Illuminations ‘breathtaking’1.3 million visitors at least per year19,000 tourist related jobsNB Football team gaining promotion into the Premier League helps.
17Mass TourismDefinition: refers to the act of large numbers of people staying in the same place such as the Spanish Costas in the 1970s and 80s.
18Mass Tourism“Mass tourism is organised tourism for large numbers of people.”PositivesNegativesEconomic ImpactsSocial ImpactsEnvironmental Impacts
19Mass Tourism“Mass tourism is organised tourism for large numbers of people.”PositivesNegativesEconomic ImpactsBring money to local economyCreates jobs for localsBoost local economy supplying tourismA lot of the profit is kept by the large travel companiesSocial ImpactsMore jobs= young people stay in areaImproved roads, communications and infrastructureTourism income can be invested into community projectsTourism jobs available to locals badly paid and seasonalTraffic congestion & inconvenienceBehaviour of some touristsEnvironmental ImpactsIncome from tourism can be reinvested in protecting environmentTransportation releases green house gasIncreased litter and pollutionDestruction of local wild life e.g. Boats damage coral
20Increasing Tourism and Reducing the Impact Maintaining TourismWays to reduce negative impacts:B R A C I O
21Increasing Tourism and Reducing the Impact Maintaining TourismWays to reduce negative impacts:1. Improve public transport less congestion & pollution 2. Limit numbers to sensitive sites 3. Provide bins for litterBuild new facitlites Reduce impacts that make tourism less effective Advetise and market Cheaper to visit Improve transport infrastructure Offer new activites
22Extreme Tourism (Holiday to Extreme Environment) AttractionsDamage to the EnvironmentExtreme TourismReasons for Increasing
23Extreme Tourism (Holiday to Extreme Environment) Trees cut down for fuelFootpath erosionDifferent & excitingAdventure holidaysRiskWater pollution- SewageDeforestation destroys habitatsSceneryAttractionsWildlifeDamage to the EnvironmentExtreme TourismAdverts & TV programmesReasons for IncreasingDeforestation leads to floodingImproved transportMore disposable incomeLess roots leads to soil erosionLast chance to see
24Extreme Tourism (Holiday to Extreme Environment): Case Study - Antartica Why?scenery, wildlife, activities like cruises, kayaking, climbing, helicopter rides.Why has it increased in popularity?more thrill seekers, more activities, more accessible, appeals to tourists, ship sizes increased tourists in 1992 has grown to in 2006 and in 2008 and the numbers are expected to double over the next 10 years companies offer extreme holidays to Antartica.Impacts: sea pollution, littering, fragile resources.Sustainability: supervision of tourists means; no littering, no contact with animals, no walking on lichens, no trespassing, permit must be gained for activities.can be more sustainable by increasing the amount of people per boat and increasing the amount of supervisors.
25Antartica/Southern ocean Sustainable management Extreme Tourism (Holiday to Extreme Environment): Case Study - AntarticaGlacial landscapes , wildlife – seals whales and penguins6700 in 199245,000 in 2009Why go?Visitor NumbersCruise Shipsresearchers a yearCase Study:Tourism inAntartica/Southern oceanOver-flightsDamage – natural causesCampingCode of conductNaturalist, photographers, journalistsSustainable managementOver flying causing stressImpactsNo litterAntarctic tourism shows environmental concernTerncoloniessuffer disturbancesFoot prints remain for a long timeScott Polar research
26Ecotourismviewing small benefits environment local responsibility protecting conserving harmTourism that does not __________ the environment and __________ the __________ peopleInvolves:Conservation: __________ & managing __________Stewardship: Taking __________ for __________ environmentShould involve local people & local organisationsNormally __________ scale with a small number of touristsActivities often involve wildlife __________ and walking
27EcotourismTourism that does not harm the environment and benefits the local peopleInvolves:Conservation protecting & managing environmentStewardship Taking responsibility for conserving environmentShould involve local people & local organisationsNormally small scale with a small number of touristsActivities often involve wildlife viewing and walking
28Environmental Benefits Economic BenefitsBenefits for local peopleSustainable Development
29Environmental Benefits -Local people encouraged to conserve the environment-Reduces poaching and hunting-Reduce the use of fossil fuel-Waste is carefully disposed ofEconomic Benefits-Creates jobs for local people-Additional local employmentBenefits for local people-Locals have better more stable income-Many schemes have a community projects fundSustainable Development-Improve quality of life but doesn’t stop the future getting that they need-Aids local development-Development without damage to the environment
30Review... Reasons for global increase in tourism Potential of cities, mountains and coasts for tourism developmentEconomic importance of tourism to contrasting parts of the worldContribution of tourism to the UK economyImpact of external factors on visitor numbers to the UKTourist area/ resort life cycle modelThe meaning of mass tourismThe positives and negatives of mass tourismStrategies for maintaining tourism and reducing the impacts of itThe attraction of extreme environmentsThe impact of tourism on extreme environmentsThe need for stewardship and conservationHow tourism can help sustainable development