Small number of tourist attracted by culture / natural beauty Limited numbers Few facilities exist
Large numbers of tourists Control of market moves from locals to external bodies e.g. TNC’s Conflict between residents and tourists
At this stage mass tourism replaces what was once the original economic function of the settlement. It may appear that the local culture is being diminished by a more international culture
Tourist numbers plateau Older facilities seen as “second rate” Peak tourist numbers reached Resort no longer fashionable
Attractiveness continues to decline Visitors lost to other resorts / destinations Resort becomes dependant on day / weekend visitors from limited geographical area Unless efforts made to modernise and rejuvenate resort will continue to decline
Exploration ◦ 1960’s only 0.4 million tourists to the Costa del Sol, visiting for the beach holidays Involvement ◦ 1970's numbers rose to 3 million. ◦ Farmland built on, infrastructure improved. ◦ Transition from resource based to demand based Development & Consolidation ◦ 1980’s numbers rocketed to 7 million (carrying capacity reached) ◦ Clubs, bars, restaurants and more hotels were built, leading to environmental degradation.
Stagnation ◦ Late 1980’s area began to stagnate, and was no longer fashionable. ◦ Attractive mountainous area blocked by large hotel developments, ◦ Beaches dirty from litter left by tourists ◦ Polluted from excessive sewage. ◦ Strain on resources e.g. water It takes 60 000 gallons to run a luxury hotel for a day.
Decline OR Rejuvenation?? ◦ 1990s Costa del Sol began rejuvenation. ◦ Beaches tidied &achieved EU Blue Flag ◦ VAT cut to 6% to encourage tourists and businesses ◦ Tourism began to diversify to eco tourism and heritage tourism. Development of Coto Donana national park to 'Costa Donana’ abandoned Wetland area popular with rare birds Previous development had seen a drop in the water table and the death of 30 000 wild birds form pesticide contamination
In pairs apply the resorts you have been given to the larger copy of the model. Discuss your reasons for placing the resorts at a stage of the model. Finalise the applied model with a class discussion.